An aqueous rechargeable lithium battery based on LiV3O8 and Li[Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3]O2
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Rechargeable lithium ion batteries with nonaqueous electrolyte solutions have been widely used for powering consumer electronic devices such as cellular phones and laptop computers . However, it is apparently more difficult to make larger lithium ion batteries inherently safe. This is mostly due to the reactivity of the electrode materials with the nonaqueous electrolyte solution constituents. In comparison with cells containing organic electrolyte solutions, rechargeable lithium ion batteries with aqueous electrolyte solutions have many advantages such as low cost of both materials and manufacturing, intrinsic safety and environmental friendliness. This has attracted many researchers [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12] since its inception [13, 14, 15]. This type of battery consists of intercalation compounds for lithium ions as active electrode materials and an aqueous electrolyte solution. Because the stability window of aqueous electrolyte solutions is much smaller...
KeywordsAqueous Electrolyte Positive Electrode Li2SO4 Aqueous Electrolyte Solution Positive Electrode Material
Financial support from National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program No.:2007CB209700) and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation is gratefully appreciated.
- 1.Wu YP, Dai XB, Ma JQ, Cheng YJ (2004) Lithium ion batteries: practice & applications. Chemical Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar