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Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 37, Issue 7, pp 765–787 | Cite as

Hydrogen generation at irradiated oxide semiconductor–solution interfaces

  • Krishnan Rajeshwar
Reviews in Applied Electrochemistry Number 64

Abstract

This review focuses on the use of inorganic oxide semiconductors for the photoassisted generation of hydrogen from water. Representative studies spanning approximately three decades are included in this review. The topics covered include a discussion of the types of water photosplitting approaches, an ideal photoelectrolysis system, an examination of why oxide semiconductors are attractive for this application, a review of both classical and more recent studies on titanium dioxide, tungsten trioxide, and other binary metal oxides, perovskites and other ternary oxides, tantalates and niobates, miscellaneous multinary oxides, semiconductor alloys and mixed semiconductor composites, and twin-photosystem configurations for water splitting.

Keywords

Photoelectrolysis Water splitting Solar energy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Partial support from the U. S. Department of Energy (Basic Energy Sciences) for the author’s research on photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion is gratefully acknowledged. Professors B. A. Parkinson, J. Augustynski, C. A. Grimes and M. Matsumura kindly provided reprints/preprints. Dr. C. R. Chenthamarakshan and Ms. Gloria Madden are thanked for assistance in literature research and manuscript preparation. Finally, three anonymous reviewers are thanked for constructive criticisms of an earlier manuscript version, and for alerting the author to Refs. [171, 187, 218, 223], [255, 260, 318, 343], and [383].

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Renewable Energy Science & Technology (CREST), Department of Chemistry & BiochemistryThe University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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