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Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 615–623 | Cite as

The function of vinylene carbonate as a thermal additive to electrolyte in lithium batteries

  • Hsiang-Hwan Lee
  • Yung-Yun Wang
  • Chi-Chao Wan
  • Mo-Hua Yang
  • Hung-Chun Wu
  • Deng-Tswen Shieh
Article

Abstract

The role of vinylene carbonate (VC) as a thermal additive to electrolytes in lithium ion batteries is studied in two aspects: the protection of liquid electrolyte species and the thermal stability of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formed from VC on graphite electrodes at elevated temperatures. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra indicate that VC can not protect LiPF6 salt from thermal decomposition. However, the function of VC on SEI can be observed via impedance and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). These results clearly show VC-induced SEI comprises polymeric species and is sufficiently stable to resist thermal damage. It has been confirmed that VC can suppress the formation of resistive LiF, and thus reduce the interfacial resistance.

Key words

additives high temperature lithium-ion battery solid electrolyte interphase thermal stability vinylene carbonate 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The technical support of Materials Reasearch Laboratories of Industrial Technology Reasearch Institute (Taiwan) is acknowledged. The ESCA analysis done by Ms. Hsiang-Ping Wen of the Instrumentation Center in National Taiwan University is especially appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hsiang-Hwan Lee
    • 1
  • Yung-Yun Wang
    • 1
  • Chi-Chao Wan
    • 1
  • Mo-Hua Yang
    • 2
  • Hung-Chun Wu
    • 2
  • Deng-Tswen Shieh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Tsing-Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan ROC
  2. 2.Materials Reasearch Laboratories of Industrial Technology Reasearch InstituteChutongTaiwanROC

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