Endophthalmitis after intravitreal injections versus cataract surgery: a 15-year cohort
- 19 Downloads
To compare the clinical features, visual outcomes and causative organisms between endophthalmitis secondary to cataract surgery or to intravitreal injections (IVI).
Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.
Retrospective, non-randomized comparative chart review.
Medical records of patients with proven or suspected endophthalmitis admitted to the Ophthalmology Department at Meir Medical Center 2/2002–2/2017 were reviewed. Clinical characteristics including presenting and final visual acuity (VA) outcomes, causative organisms and time to admission were assessed.
Among 84 patients in our study, 35 had preceding cataract surgery and 12 had preceding IVI. The post-cataract group showed a significant improvement in VA following treatment with a presenting and final VA (logMar ± SD) of (1.80 ± 0.54 and 1.39 ± 0.65, P < 0.01) as opposed to the post-IVI group (1.72 ± 0.26 and 1.81 ± 0.32, P = 0.692), while most patients in the cataract group exhibited some degree of VA recovery (70.96%). Patients undergoing cataract surgery were divided into two separate groups; those who underwent cataract surgery in a private center and those operated at a public center. Patients undergoing surgery at a private medical center showed improvement in VA outcomes following treatment (1.80 ± 0.57 and 1.13 ± 0.66, P < 0.01) as opposed to those operated on at our public medical center.
Overall, patients with endophthalmitis following cataract surgery had better visual outcomes and were more likely to show a VA improvement following treatment when compared with endophthalmitis following IVI. Final VA outcomes of patients with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery performed in a private center were better than those operated on and treated in a public medical center.
KeywordsEndophthalmitis Intravitreal injections Cataract surgery
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No conflicting relationship exists for any author.
- 5.Sigford DK, Reddy S, Mollineaux C, Schaal S (2015) Global reported endophthalmitis risk following intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF: a literature review and analysis. Clin Ophthalmol 9:773–781Google Scholar
- 27.Rizzo JL, Chin EK, Rashid S, Park SS (2012) Exogenous endophthalmitis: post-operative versus post-intravitreal injection. Vis Pan Am 11:38–43Google Scholar
- 28.Sommer A, Belkin A, Ofir S, Assia E (2017) Profile of patients presenting for cataract surgery in a public hospital: a 15 year perspective. Isr Med Assoc J 19:109–113Google Scholar