Genetic features of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates associated with eye infections referred to Farabi Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Pseudomonas is the most common cause of microbial keratitis especially in people who use contact lens. The virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in different eye infections is associated with different virulence factors .
In this study, 54 P. aeruginosa isolates including 39 isolates from keratitis and 15 isolates from conjunctivitis were evaluated for their ability to form biofilm, production of protease, elastase, alkaline protease and their antibiotic-resistant patterns. The distribution of the exoS and exoU genes in the test strains were determined using PCR assays.
Most of the eye infections (90.74%) were seen in people who used contact lenses, and in most of patients (72.22%), the infection was presented as keratitis. None of the isolates were resistant to a single antibiotic as tested. Multidrug resistance (MDR) was detected in two isolates (3.5%) which were resistant to more than one category of antibiotics. The exoU+/exoS+ isolates were in majority although in total, compared to exoS, there were more exoU in a greater number of samples. Most of the strains produce elastase but among all of ocular isolates, only 5.8% of the strains showed alkaline protease activity. Most of the ocular isolates were not capable of producing biofilm.
In our study, a high prevalence of virulence factors was observed in P. aeruginosa isolates from contact lens wearer with keratitis. As the P. aeruginosa isolates from different infection origins and different geographic region may have different virulence factors, having a better perception of these differences could help to improve development of clinical instructions for the control of keratitis.
KeywordsPseudomonas aeruginosa Eye infections Virulence factors Exotoxins Contact lens
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Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflicts of interest and have no proprietary interest in any of the materials mentioned in this article.
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