The outcomes of subtotal vitrectomy in macular surgeries: a single surgeon case series
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To investigate the outcomes of subtotal vitrectomy in epiretinal membrane (ERM) and idiopathic macular hole (IMH) surgeries.
The patients who underwent vitrectomy for primary ERM and IMH were included. After the truncation of posterior hyaloid, cortical vitreous was incompletely removed and anterior vitreous was left in place. The main outcome measure was the complications of the surgical technique during the postoperative 12 months of follow-up.
Fifty-two eyes were included. Thirty-seven eyes had ERM, and 15 had IMH. During the 12 months of follow-up period, 33% of the phakic patients showed progression in the lens opacities and required cataract surgery. Other postoperative complications were listed as follows: transient intraocular pressure increase in 3 (5.9%), endophthalmitis in 1 (2.0%), and retinal detachment in 1 patient (2.0%).
Subtotal vitrectomy seems as an effective and safe surgical technique in the treatment of macular diseases.
KeywordsComplication Epiretinal membrane Macular hole Vitrectomy
AO, GE, BT, and HNT involved in design and conduct of the study and preparation and review of the study; AO, BT, and HNT contributed to data collection; and AO helped with statistical analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors has any conflicts of interest or competing interests regarding the materials used in the research.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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