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International Ophthalmology

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1915–1922 | Cite as

The association of Helicobacter pylori with choroidal and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness

  • Mehmet Erol Can
  • Fatma Efe Kaplan
  • Mehmet Murat Uzel
  • Hasan Kiziltoprak
  • Mustafa Cagri Ergun
  • Mustafa Koc
  • Gülcin Simsek
Original Paper
  • 80 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on choroidal thickness (CT) and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT).

Methods

The study included 25 patients with H. pylori infection and 25 healthy individuals as the control group. Helicobacter pylori patients were classified as the pre-treatment (Group 1; n: 25) and the post-treatment (Group 2; n: 25). RNFLT and CT were measured before and after treatment of H. pylori infection, using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). The axial length and intraocular pressure were also measured.

Results

The mean subfoveal CT was 320.96 ± 29.15 μm in Group 1 and 287.48 ± 49.17 in the control group (p = 0.007), while the mean subfoveal CT did not show any difference between Group 2 and the control group (p > 0.05). No statistically significant difference was determined between the H. pylori patients and the control group in respect of RNFLT values (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

CT increases during H. pylori infection and returns to the normal range within 6 weeks of treatment. RNFLT does not show any change during H. pylori infection. The data related to the subfoveal CT may be useful in understanding the pathogenesis of central serous chorioretinopathy developing in H. pylori patients.

Keywords

Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) Choroidal thickness Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness Helicobacter pylori infection Helicobacter pylori eradication 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors report no conflict of interests. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interests to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyKecioren Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineKecioren Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyElmadag State HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Department of OphthalmologyUlucanlar Eye Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  5. 5.Department of PathologyKecioren Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey

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