Depression and burden among the caregivers of visually impaired patients: a systematic review
- 292 Downloads
Caregiving has evolved as an important issue not only for those receiving care, but for those providing it as well. While caregiving allows those with disabilities to better adapt, it has been shown to take a toll on the caregiver on various levels, such as invoking depression and burden. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature pertaining to depression and burden among caregivers of patients with visual impairment. A comprehensive literature search using multiple databases was conducted to include all articles on burden of care or depression among the caregivers of the visually impaired. Nine studies were included in this review. There was demonstrable association of depression and burden with the caregivers of the visually impaired. Communication theory, emotional contagion, and care burden were cited as factors associated with depression in these studies. A number of other elements were also identified to play a role in depression and burden, such as providing greater hours of supervision to the patient, multiple chronic conditions in the patient or caregiver, patient not completing vision rehabilitation, and female gender of the caregiver. By identifying those at risk for decreased quality of life outcomes, health care providers may be able to alter the management of the visually impaired, such as advocating the use of vision rehabilitation clinics in order to minimize the caregiver burden and depression.
KeywordsCaregiver depression Blind patients Low vision
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors have any proprietary interests or conflicts of interest related to this submission.
- 1.Talley RC, Crews J, Dorn P, Silvernail J, Hunt G, Zeitzer J (2004) Caregiving in America as an emerging public health issue: surveillance and response by the nation’s public health system. In: Second national center on birth defects and developmental disabilities conferenceGoogle Scholar
- 2.Levine C, Reinhard S, Feinberg LF, Albert S, Hart A (2003) Family caregivers on the job: moving beyond ADLs and IADLs. Generations 27:17–23Google Scholar
- 4.Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) (2011) Reasons for not seeking eye care among adults aged ≥40 years with moderate-to-severe visual impairment-21 States, 2006–2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 60:610Google Scholar
- 24.Westaway L, Wittich W, Overbury O (2011) Depression and burden in spouses of individuals with sensory impairment. Insight: Res Pract Vis Impair Blind 4(1):29–36Google Scholar
- 28.Cimarolli VR, Boerner K (2005) Social support and well-being in adults who are visually impaired. J Vis Impair Blind 99:521Google Scholar
- 29.Bambara JK, Wadley V, Owsley C, Martin RC, Porter C, Dreer LE (2009) Family functioning and low vision: a systematic review. J Visual Impair Blind 103:137Google Scholar
- 30.Zarit SH, Femia EE, Whitlatch CJ (2015) The importance of caregiving and caregiver mental health. In: Encyclopedia of mental health, p 233Google Scholar
- 31.Hinrichsen GA, Hernandez NA (1993) Factors associated with recovery from and relapse into major depressive disorder in the elderly. American J Psychiatry 50:1820Google Scholar