Torpedo maculopathy: a morphofunctional evaluation
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To describe the optical coherence tomography (OCT), the standard short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence (SW-FAF) and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIR-FAF), and the microperimetric findings in a child with a unique unilateral lesion of the temporal macula previously called torpedo maculopathy. A 4-year-old female with torpedo maculopathy was evaluated with spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT), standard SW-FAF (excitation 488 nm, emission >500 nm) and NIR-FAF (excitation 787 nm, emission >800 nm). Microperimetry was performed to assess retinal sensitivity changes correlated to the macular lesion. SD-OCT showed an abnormally thin retinal pigment epithelium signal and an increased signal transmission in the choroid corresponding to the torpedo lesion with no neuroretinal changes. SW-FAF resulted in normal fluorescence of the lesion except for a small hyperfluorescent area at the tail level. NIR-FAF showed hypofluorescence corresponding to the lesion. Macular microperimetry showed reduced retinal sensitivity along the pigmented margins of the lesion with normal values over the lesion. The patient was re-evaluated 12 months later and no change was documented with all diagnostic techniques. This case supports a congenital defect of retinal pigment epithelium. The absence of both functional changes at lesion level and neuroretinal changes at OCT may depend on the very early detection of this lesion.
KeywordsTorpedo maculopathy Microperimetry Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography Standard short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence Near-infrared fundus autofluorescence
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