International Ophthalmology

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 293–297 | Cite as

Laser pointer induced macular damage: case report and mini review

  • Kiran Turaka
  • J. Shepard Bryan
  • Alan J. Gordon
  • Rahul Reddy
  • Henry M. KwongJr.
  • Clive H. Sell
Case Report

Abstract

To report laser pointer induced damage to retina and choroid and briefly review literature. A case report of a 13-year old Caucasian boy developed blurry central vision and central scotoma in right eye (OD). He was exposed for one minute to class IIIA green laser pointer of 650 nm wavelength and 5 mW power. Clinical examination showed a grayish lesion in foveal region. Ancillary testing revealed disruption of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer in foveal region and indocyanine green angiography demonstrated evidence of choroidal hypofluorescence suggestive of choroidal infarction in OD. Visual acuity improved from 20/100 to 20/60 in one day and he was treated with tapering doses of oral prednisolone (40 mg) for 3 weeks. Laser pointer with a power of >5 mW caused damage to RPE in the macula. Children should not be given laser pointers as toys especially those with label of danger instructions.

Keywords

Laser pointer Macular damage Optical coherence tomography Indocyanine green angiography 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiran Turaka
    • 1
  • J. Shepard Bryan
    • 1
  • Alan J. Gordon
    • 1
  • Rahul Reddy
    • 1
  • Henry M. KwongJr.
    • 1
  • Clive H. Sell
    • 1
  1. 1.Associated Retina Consultants LtdPhoenixUSA

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