The mismatch between the in-country determinants of technology transfer, and the scope of technology transfer initiatives under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Despite decades of international political emphasis, little is known about the in-country determinants of technology transfer for climate change mitigation. We draw upon the conclusions of a series of standardised, official governmental statements of technology priorities, coupled with questionnaire-based data collection, to shed light on the nature of those determinants. We find that there is a disconnect between what developing country governments perceive as the key enablers of, and barriers to, technology transfer, and what bilateral and multilateral technology transfer programmes can offer, given budgetary constraints and the logic of development aid spending. We show that the well-established notion of making climate change mitigation actions an integral part of sound development plans is especially relevant for technology transfer. We offer pointers as to how this might be done in practice, in the context of the ‘technology action plans’ developed as part of the United Nations-sponsored technology needs assessment process.
KeywordsUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Technology needs assessment Technology mechanism Development aid for climate change
We thank the government officials in Azerbaijan, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Lebanon, and Moldova, who responded to our questionnaire.
DP, JH, and FB designed the research, and prepared the manuscript.
- Boldt, J., Nygaard, I., Hansen, U., & Trærup, S. (2012). Overcoming barriers to the transfer and diffusion of climate technologies. Copenhagen: UNEP Risø Centre.Google Scholar
- Bulkeley, H., & Newell, P. (2015). Governing climate change. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Chatterji, M. (Ed.). (2016). Technology transfer in the developing countries. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
- CPI. (2012). San Giorgio group case study: Prosol Tunisia. Venice: Climate Policy Initiative.Google Scholar
- Haselip, J., Narkeviciute, R., & Rogat, C. (2015b). A step-by-step guide for countries conducting a Technology Needs Assessment. Copenhagen: UNEP DTU Partnership.Google Scholar
- Metz, B., & Turkson, J. K. (Eds.). (2000). Methodological and technological issues in technology transfer: A special report of the Intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Seidel, S., & Ye, J. (2015). Patents and the role of the multilateral fund. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. https://www.c2es.org/site/assets/uploads/2015/10/patents-role-multilateral-fund.pdf. Accessed 9 June 2017.
- UDP. (2015). Overcoming barriers to the transfer and diffusion of climate technologies. Copenhagen: UNEP DTU Partnership.Google Scholar
- UNEP. (2005). Public finance mechanisms to catalyse sustainable energy sector growths. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.Google Scholar
- UNFCCC. (2008). Decision 2/CP.14. Development and transfer of technologies (FCCC/CP/2008/7/Add.1). New York: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.Google Scholar
- UNFCCC. (2014a). Note by the secretariat. Information provided by the global environment facility on its activities relating to the preparation of national communications and biennial update reports (FCCC/SBI/2014/INF.22). New York: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.Google Scholar
- UNFCCC. (2014b). Good practices of technology needs assessments. In Ninth meeting of the Technology Executive Committee, 18–21 August 2014, Bonn.Google Scholar
- UNFCCC. (2016). Background paper on the implementation of technology action plans of developing countries. In Twelfth meeting of the Technology Executive Committee, 5–8 April 2016, Bonn.Google Scholar