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Can intellectual property rights within climate technology transfer work for the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement?

  • Chen Zhou
Original Paper
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

Since the UNFCCC 1992 mandated technology transfer commitments, how to fulfil the commitments and effectively facilitate the international transfer of climate-friendly technology in reality has been the subject of debate. In theory, climate change policymakers provide a broad framework for technology transfer through the UNFCCC regime. The 2015 Paris Agreement commits the Parties to strengthening cooperation on climate technology. In practice, however, the dynamic transfer of these technologies on an international scale does not take place fast enough to reach the full potential required by the UNFCCC. This shortcoming is partly due to intellectual property rights, which pose a significant obstacle to quick and efficient technology transfer. This article examines the kinds of changes in intellectual property laws needed to promote accessible, affordable and adaptable technology transfers and to help prepare host countries for potentially mandatory emission reductions in the post-Paris era.

Keywords

Climate technologies Technology transfer The Paris Agreement Intellectual property rights TRIPS 

Abbreviations

BPI

Best Practices Identification

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CERs

Certified emission reductions

COP

Conference of Parties

CTCN

Climate Technology Centre and Network

DSM

Dispute Settlement Mechanism

GCF

Green Climate Fund

GHGs

Greenhouse gases

INDCs

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

IP

Intellectual property

IPRs

Intellectual property rights

LDCs

Least developed countries

MEAs

Multinational environment agreements

NGOs

Non-government organizations

NIEO

New International Economic Order

R&D

Research and development

SBSTA

Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice

TEC

Technology Executive Committee

TNA

Technology Need Assessment

TRIPS

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UNFCCC

United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change

WGTTT

Working Group on Trade and Technology Transfer

WTO

World Trade Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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