Wine, fruit, and emission reductions: the CDM as development strategy in Chile

  • Teresia Rindefjäll
  • Emma Lund
  • Johannes Stripple
Original paper

Abstract

Through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, a developed country actor with a binding emission reduction target can use emission reductions from a project implemented in a developing country to meet this target. At the same time, CDM projects are meant to contribute to sustainable development in the host country, as defined by this country. The CDM is often taken to illustrate a broader contemporary turn in environmental policymaking toward market liberalism, flexibility, and pluralism, where the governance of the CDM involves ‘agency beyond the state’ at different political levels and across various jurisdictions. While such an image of the CDM certainly identifies important aspects, it also downplays the ways in which states govern the CDM, not at the international level but at the domestic level through the host country prerogative to define its sustainable development priorities. Early on in the scholarly debate on the CDM, fears were raised about a ‘race to the bottom’ with regard to sustainable development requirements on CDM projects. Our research on Chile confirms that hypothesis, with the important addition, that the ‘race’ is not simply a structural feature of the CDM, but a deliberate strategy. We argue that Chile has actively chosen to put only marginal emphasis on securing the CDM’s contribution to sustainable development, and instead uses the CDM primarily as a tool to attract foreign investments, treating carbon credits as just another export product.

Keywords

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Chile Kyoto protocol Sustainable development 

Abbreviations

AIJ

Activities Implemented Jointly

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CER

Certified Emissions Reductions

CONAMA

Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente

CORFO

Corporación de Fometo de la Producción

DEA

Declaration of environmental impact

DNA

Designated national authority

EIA

Environmental impact assessment

HFC

Hydroflurocarbon

PFC

Perfluorocarbons

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresia Rindefjäll
    • 1
  • Emma Lund
    • 1
  • Johannes Stripple
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceLund UniversityLundSweden

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