A review of the CDM literature: from fine-tuning to critical scrutiny?

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10784-008-9088-0

Cite this article as:
Paulsson, E. Int Environ Agreements (2009) 9: 63. doi:10.1007/s10784-008-9088-0

Abstract

As negotiations on the post-2012 climate regime are now taking off, it is time to look back and assess the experiences of the clean development mechanism (CDM) to this date. The CDM has been subject to extensive discussion in academic literature during the last few years, and this article reviews that literature in order to sum up its main themes. A common assessment is that the current structure of the CDM leads to a focus on cheap emissions reductions at the expense of sustainable development benefits for the host countries. Recently, the questionable additionality of many CDM projects has become a central issue. The article further argues that whereas a substantial body of work exists on the CDM, this work is mainly preoccupied with a ‘fine-tuning’ of the mechanism. As the CDM now becomes increasingly institutionalized, scholars should also take a step back and study the CDM in a more theoretically oriented way.

Keywords

Kyoto Protocol Clean development mechanism Review Additionality Cost effectiveness Sustainable development Post-2012 

Abbreviations

CDM

Clean development mechanism

CERs

Cerified emission reductions

COP/MOP

Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol

DNA

Designated National Authority

DOE

Designated operational entity

EB

Executive Board

GHG

Greenhouse gas

LULUCF

Land use, land use change and forestry

ODA

Official Development Assistance

REDD

Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation

UNFCCC

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceLund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations