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Denotation as Complex and Chronologically Extended: anvitābhidhāna in Śālikanātha’s Vākyārthamātṛkā-I

  • Shishir SaxenaEmail author
Article

Abstract

The two theories of verbal cognition, namely abhihitānvaya and anvitābhidhāna, first put forth by the Bhāṭṭa and Prābhākara Mīmāṃsakas respectively in the second half of the first millennium C.E., can be considered as being foundational as all subsequent thinkers of the Sanskritic intellectual tradition (philosophers as well as ālaṃkārikas) engaged with and elaborated upon these while debating the nature of language and meaning. In this paper, I focus on the first chapter (pariccheda) of Śālikanātha’s Vākyārthamātṛkā and outline the process of anvitābhidhāna described therein. Śālikanātha explains this as comprising three steps, and thereafter discusses each of these three to elaborate upon and philosophically defend this conception of how one cognizes sentential meaning. The aim of this paper is to present Śālikanātha’s three-step model, and thus demonstrate especially the distinct conception of abhidhāna (denotation) for the Prābhākara Mīmāṃsakas (particularly Śālikanātha) as complex and chronologically extended as contrasted with the Bhāṭṭa conception of abhidhāna as non-complex and instantaneous. Such an understanding of the disparate semantic contents with which the Bhāṭṭas and Prābhākaras use the identical term abhidhāna is crucial for any correct study of their respective doctrines.

Keywords

Mīmāṃsā Śālikanātha anvitābhidhāna abhihitānvaya Denotation Verbal cognition Sentential meaning 

Abbreviations

CoD

Connection of Denoted [Meanings] (abhihitānvaya)

DoC

Denotation of Connected [Meanings] (anvitābhidhāna)

KṬ

Sucarita’s Kāśikāṭīkā on Ślokavārttika Vākyādhikaraṇa vv.110 cd-112ab

PMS

Jaimini’s Pūrvamīmāṃsāsūtra

ŚBh

Śābarabhāṣya

SM

Sentential meaning

ŚV

Kumārila’s Ślokavārttika

ŚV Vāk.

Ślokavārttika Vākyādhikaraṇa

TV

Kumārila’s Tantravārttika

VM-I

First chapter (pariccheda) of Śālikanātha’s Vākyārthamātṛkā

WM

Word-meaning

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Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

References

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of Asia (IKGA)Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW)ViennaAustria

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