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Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 339–353 | Cite as

Jayasena’s Proof of the Authenticity of the Mahāyāna Scriptures

  • Shigeki Moro
Article

Abstract

We can find some of the works of Indian Buddhist philosophers that prove the authenticity of the Mahāyāna sutras within Sanskrit, Tibetan, and Chinese textual sources. *Jayasena’s critique of *Asvabhāva’s proof was first introduced in the commentaries of Kuiji. Numerous references to *Jayasena in Chinese Yogācāra scriptures indicate that he was regarded as a Yogācāra master. His revised proof was further revised by Xuanzang. According to Xuanzang’s biographies, *Jayasena was an Indian lay Buddhist scholar who had many non-Buddhist disciples. It is, therefore, possible that he discussed the authenticity of the Mahāyāna sutras with his disciples. Following Kuiji’s introduction of *Jayasena’s proof in East Asia, this proof and Xuanzang’s critique have been widely discussed. Wonhyo, one of the most famous Silla Buddhist scholars, critiqued Xuanzang’s revision and published his revised formula. Zenju, a representative Yogācāra master of the Nara period, pointed out some logical problems to be seen in Wonhyo’s revision, but did not provide any alternative. Proof of the authenticity of the Mahāyāna sutras was originally developed as a result of interactions between Mahāyāna and non-Mahāyāna Buddhists. However, the purpose of the proof seems to have shifted from being based on arguments with actual opponents to internal discussions among Mahāyāna Buddhists, especially within East Asia.

Keywords

Asvabhāva Jayasena Xuanzang Wonhyo Zenju Buddhist logic 

Abbreviations

H

Hetu

S

Sapakṣa

T

Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō

YRLS

Yinming ru zhengli lun shu 因明入正理論疏 (T 1840)

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research No. JP25370054. This paper is based on my presentation at the “Yogācāra Buddhism in Context: Approaches to Yogācāra Philosophy throughout Ages and Cultures” on June 19–20, 2015 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. I would like to thank all the participants for their invaluable feedback.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hanazono UniversityKyotoJapan

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