Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 39, Issue 4–5, pp 503–520 | Cite as

Hypothesis-Generating Logic in Udayana’s Rational Theology



The aim of this paper is to clarify Udayana’s logic in his theistic monograph Nyāyakusumāñjali, especially in the second chapter where he postulates as conclusion the existence of God. In the course of this postulation, Udayana gives as its reason such Nyāya theories as the extrinsic validity of cognition (*parataḥprāmāṇya) and the creation and dissolution of the world (*sargapralaya). The present paper first focuses on the argument over the creation and dissolution of the world, clarifying whether Udayana asserts its necessary occurrence or just its possibility. It then analyzes the precise logic of Udayana that generates the theistic hypothesis, comparing it with a logic called abduction which is put forward by Charles Peirce.


Nyāyakusumāñjali Udayana Creation and dissolution of the world Abduction C. S. Peirce 


NKus (C)

Nyāyakusumāñjali of Udayanācārya with Four Commentaries, Pt. Śrī Padmaprasāda Upādhyāya & Pt. Śrī Dhuṇḍhirāja Śāstrī (ed.), Kashi Sanskrit Series 30, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, Varanasi, 1957


NKus with the Commentaries Āmoda, Viveka, Bodhanī and Parimala, Dr. Mahaprabhulal Goswami (ed.), Mithila Institute Series, Mithila Research Institute, Darbhanga, 1972


Bodhanī of Varadarāja, see NKus(D)


Viveka of Guṇānanda, see NKus(D)


Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha of Sāyaṇa Mādhava, Mahāmahopādhyāya Vasudev Shastri Abhyankar (ed.), Government Oriental Series Class A No. 1, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, 1978


see Peirce (1931–1958)

Prop. Eleg.

see Propertius (1857)


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researcher Development Center (The Hakubi Center)Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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