A Low-Power Wakeup Radio for Application in WSN-Based Indoor Location Systems
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This paper presents a low-power wakeup radio (WUR) for application in indoor location systems. The presented radio has a better performance than the state-of-the-art radios, since it has low-power consumption, only 10 μW and it is perfectly integrated into a wireless sensor network based on ZigBee, which is used for location purposes. This performance was achieved due to an optimised radio frequency design of the WUR, which was embedded with a low-cost/low-power processor, and due to an enhanced control algorithm. Moreover, a software defined radio approach has been used to implement the WUR protocol. The WUR was designed and integrated in an existing WSN-based indoor location system which was originally based on a periodic sleep-wake up duty-cycled protocol. In the WUR protocol the location sensor is kept in deep sleep mode until it receives an external wake-up order. According to estimates, with this scheme, the battery lifetime can be increased from 200 days (using conventional duty-cycle protocol) up to almost 8000 days (sensor waken-up few times per day).
KeywordsQuasi-passive wakeup radios WSN Indoor location systems Ultralow power consumption Low cost
The authors would like to thank the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT) for the financial support provided under Project PTDC/EEA-TEL/099646/2008 TACCS.
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