The effects of job demands, job resources, and personal resources on the psychological well-being of middle-aged workers in the United States: assessing latent profile differences

  • Yunsoo Lee
  • Daeyeon ChoEmail author


The purpose of this study is to better understand the psychological well-being of aged workers in the job demands-resources model. We conducted a latent profile analysis on job demands, job resources, and personal resources using responses of 1018 middle-aged adults from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS 3) dataset. Results suggested four latent profiles. Differences in the research variables between the profiles were examined using analysis of variance. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to compare the effects of the antecedents on well-being between the latent profiles. Implications for both HRD researchers and professionals are discussed.


Job demands Job resources Personal resources 


Les effets des demandes du travail, des ressources du travail, et des ressources personnelles sur le bien-être psychologique de travailleurs d’âge moyen aux Etats-Unis : Evaluation des différences de profils latents Le but de cette étude est de mieux comprendre le bien-être psychologique de travailleurs âgés dans le modèle demande-ressource du travail. Nous avons construit une analyse de profil latent sur les demandes du travail, les ressources du travail, et les ressources personnelles en utilisant les réponses de 1,018 adultes d’âge moyen à partir des données du National Survey of Midlife Development (« sondage national du développement de milieu de vie ») aux Etats-Unis (MIDUS 3). Les résultats suggèrent quatre profils latents. Les différences de variables de recherche entre les profils ont été examinées en utilisant une analyse de variance. Des régressions multiples ont été conduites pour comparer les effets des antécédents sur le bien-être entre les profils latents. Des implications pour les chercheurs en DRH et les professionnels sont discutées.


Die Auswirkungen von Arbeitsanforderungen, Arbeitsressourcen und persönlichen Ressourcen auf das psychologische Wohlbefinden von Arbeitnehmenden mittleren Alters in den USA: Bewertung latenter Profilunterschiede Der Zweck dieser Studie ist es, das psychologische Wohlbefinden älterer Arbeitnehmenden im Arbeitstätigkeit-Anforderungen-Ressourcen-Modell besser zu verstehen. Wir führten eine latente Profilanalyse zu Arbeitsplatzanforderungen, Arbeitsressourcen und persönlichen Ressourcen durch, wobei wir die Antworten von 1.018 Erwachsenen mittleren Alters aus dem Datensatz der National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS 3) verwendeten. Die Ergebnisse legten vier latente Profile nahe. Unterschiede zwischen den Profilen in Hinblick auf die Forschungsvariablen wurden mittels Varianzanalyse untersucht. Multiple Regressionsanalysen wurden durchgeführt, um die Auswirkungen verschiedener Einflussfaktoren auf das Wohlbefinden zwischen den latenten Profilen zu vergleichen. Mögliche Schlussfolgerungen für HRD-Forschende und Praktizierende werden diskutiert.


Los efectos de las demandas laborales, los recursos laborales y los recursos personales en el bienestar psicológico de los trabajadores de mediana edad en los Estados Unidos: Evaluación de las diferencias de perfil latentes El propósito de este estudio es comprender mejor el bienestar psicológico de los trabajadores de edad madura dentro del modelo laboral de demandas y recursos. Se llevó a cabo un análisis de perfil latente sobre las demandas laborales, los recursos laborales y los recursos personales, utilizando las respuestas de 1.018 adultos de mediana edad procedentes del conjunto de datos de la Encuesta Nacional sobre el Desarrollo de la Mediana Edad en los Estados Unidos (Midlife Development in the United States - MIDUS 3). Los resultados sugirieron la presencia de cuatro perfiles latentes. Las diferencias existentes en las variables de investigación entre los perfiles se examinaron mediante análisis de varianza. Se realizaron análisis de regresión múltiple para comparar los efectos de los antecedentes sobre el bienestar entre los perfiles latentes. Se discuten las implicaciones para los investigadores y profesionales del Departamento de Recursos Humanos (HRD).



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational TechnologyHanyang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of EducationKorea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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