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A longitudinal examination of the causes and effects of burnout based on the job demands-resources model

  • Yunsoo Lee
  • SunHee J. Eissenstat
Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to longitudinally examine the job demands-resources model of corporate burnout, as well as the effects of burnout on intentions to quit. To achieve this goal, this study adopts a latent-growth model using panel data collected by the Work, Family, and Health Study. The results suggest that psychological job demands and work-to-family conflict, as well as control over working hours/schedule, decision-making authority, and role clarity, have significant effects on burnout. Psychological job demands, work-to-family conflict, and role clarity particularly affect burnout, and burnout and its trajectory are shown to influence intentions to quit.

Keywords

Job demands-resources model Burnout Intentions to quit 

Résumé

Une Évaluation Longitudinale des Causes et des Effets du Burnout Fondée sur le Modèle Demandes-Ressources du Travail Le but de cette étude est d’évaluer, de manière longitudinale, le modèle demandes-ressources du travail et l’épuisement au travail (burnout), et les effets de cet épuisement sur les intentions de quitter l’entreprise. Pour ce faire, cette étude adopte un modèle de croissance latente sur un éventail de données collectées par la Work, Family, and Health Study. Les résultats suggèrent que la demande psychologique au travail et les conflits familiaux en lien avec l’activité professionnelle, le contrôle sur les horaires/l’emploi du temps professionnel, la latitude de décision, ainsi que la clarté du rôle ont des effets significatifs sur l’épuisement au travail. La demande psychologique au travail, les conflits familiaux en lien avec l’activité professionnelle et la clarté du rôle affectent particulièrement l’épuisement au travail. Ce dernier, ainsi que la trajectoire de l’épuisement au travail, influencent les intentions de démissionner.

Zusammenfassung

Langzeitstudie über Ursachen und Auswirkungen von Burnout, basierend auf ein Job-Anforderungen-Ressourcen Modell Das Ziel dieser Studie ist es, sowohl das Job-Anforderungen und Ressourcen Modell von Burnout als auch den Einfluss von Burnout auf Kündigungsabsichten zu untersuchen. Um dieses Ziel zu erreichen, wendet die Studie ein latentes Wachstumskurvenmodell mit aus Arbeits-, Familien- und Gesundheitsstudien herangezogenen Paneldaten. Die Ergebnisse deuten darauf hin, dass psychologische Arbeitsanforderungen und Konflikt zwischen Beruf und Familie, aber auch Kontrolle über Arbeitsstunden und -planung, Entscheidungsbefugnis und Rollenklarheit signifikante Auswirkungen auf Burnout haben. Dabei wird Burnout speziell von psychologischen Arbeitsanforderungen, Konflikt zwischen Beruf und Familie und Rollenklarheit getroffen. Es wird gezeigt, dass Burnout und dessen Verlauf Kündigungsabsichten beeinflussen.

Resumen

Un examen longitudinal de las causas y efectos del estrés laboral basado en el modelo de demandas-recursos en el empleo El objetivo de este estudio es examinar longitudinalmente los efectos del estrés laboral colectivo por medio del modelo de demandas-recursos en el empleo, así como sus efectos en los intentos de abandono laboral. Para alcanzar esta meta, el estudio adopta un modelo de crecimiento-latencia utilizando un panel de datos recopilados por el Estudio Trabajo, Familia y Salud. Los resultados sugieren que las demandas psicológicas de empleo y el conflicto trabajo-familia, así como el control sobre las horas programadas/trabajadas, la autoridad en la toma de decisiones, y la claridad en la tarea tienen efectos significativos en el estrés laboral. Las demandas psicológicas de empleo, el conflicto trabasjo-familia, y la claridad en la tarea afectan particularmente al estrés laboral, y el esters laboral y su desarrollo son factores que influyen en los intentos de abandono laboral.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Learning & Performance System, Workforce Education and DevelopmentPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatric Rehabilitation and Counseling ProfessionsRutgers, The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA

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