Development and validation of the meaning of work inventory among French workers

  • Caroline Arnoux-Nicolas
  • Laurent Sovet
  • Lin Lhotellier
  • Jean-Luc Bernaud
Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to validate a psychometric instrument among French workers for assessing the meaning of work. Following an empirical framework, a two-step procedure consisted of exploring and then validating the scale among distinctive samples. The consequent Meaning of Work Inventory is a 15-item scale based on a four-factor model, and assesses the importance, understanding, direction, and purpose of work. The results indicate that this instrument is reliable for assessing the meaning of work in the French context. Implications for career counseling practices are discussed.

Keywords

Meaning of work questionnaire IST Meaning of work 

Résumé

Développement et Validation de l’Inventaire du Sens du Travail auprès de Travailleurs Français. L’objectif de cette étude est de valider un instrument psychométrique auprès de travailleurs français pour évaluer le sens du travail. Suivant une approche empirique, la procédure en deux étapes a consisté à explorer puis à valider l’échelle auprès d’échantillons distincts. L’Inventaire du Sens du Travail (IST) est une échelle de 15 items reposant sur quatre facteurs : l’importance, la compréhension, la direction et la finalité du travail. Les résultats indiquent que cet instrument est fiable pour évaluer le sens du travail dans le contexte français. Les implications pour les pratiques en orientation tout au long de la vie sont discutées.

Zusammenfassung

Entwicklung und Validierung des Inventars zur Bedeutung von Arbeit bei einer Gruppe von Französischen Erwerbstätigen. Das Ziel dieser Studie war es, ein Messinstrument zur Bedeutung der Arbeit in einer Stichprobe von Französischen Erwerbstätigen zu entwickeln. Einem empirischen Rahmenmodell folgend, wurde zuerst explorativ und dann konfirmativ an verschiedenen Stichproben validiert. Das abschließende Messinstrument basiert auf 15 Items, welche vier Faktoren repräsentieren: Wichtigkeit der Arbeit, Verständnis der Arbeit, Richtung der Arbeit und Sinn der Arbeit. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass das Instrument die Bedeutung von Arbeit reliabel im Französischen Kontext messen kann. Implikationen für die Laufbahnberatung werden diskutiert.

Resumen

Desarrollo y Validación del Significado de Inventario de Trabajo entre los Trabajadores Franceses. El propósito de este estudio pretendía validar un instrumento psicométrico entre los trabajadores franceses, para evaluar el significado del trabajo. Tras un marco empírico, se realizó un procedimiento de dos fases consistente en la exploración y posteriormente, la validación de escalas entre muestras diferenciadas. Consecuentemente, el Significado del Inventario del Trabajo es una escala de 15 ítems basada en un modelo de 4 factores, que evalúa la importancia, la comprensión, la dirección y el propósito del trabajo. Los resultados indican que este instrumento es fiable para evaluar el significado del trabajo en el contexto francés. Se discuten implicaciones para las prácticas de orientación profesional.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Arnoux-Nicolas
    • 1
  • Laurent Sovet
    • 1
  • Lin Lhotellier
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Bernaud
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche sur le Travail et le Développement, EA 4132Conservatoire National des Arts et MétiersParisFrance

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