Advertisement

Research-based knowledge: researchers’ contribution to evidence-based practice and policy making in career guidance

  • Erik Hagaseth HaugEmail author
  • Peter Plant
Review

Abstract

To present evidence for the outcomes of career guidance is increasingly seen as pivotal for a further professionalization of policy making and service provision. This paper puts an emphasis on researchers’ contribution to evidence-based practice and policy making in career guidance. We argue for a broader and more pluralistic research strategy to meet the complexity of possible questions needed to be asked to provide evidence in career guidance. The article puts a specific focus on the need for a stronger involvement of the voice of users.

Keywords

Childhood career development Social-emotional development Evidence-based practice 

Résumé

Connaissance basée sur la recherche: La contribution de chercheurs aux pratiques fondées sur l’expérience et à l’élaboration de directives politiques pour le conseil en orientation. Présenter la preuve des résultats du conseil en orientation est de plus en plus perçu comme un pivot pour la poursuite de la professionnalisation de l’élaboration des politiques et de l’offre de prestations. Cet article met l’accent sur la contribution des chercheurs à une pratique fondée sur l’expérience, et à l’élaboration de directives politiques en orientation. Nous défendons une stratégie de recherche qui soit plus vaste et davantage pluraliste, dans le but de répondre à la complexité des questions possibles devant être adressées, afin de justifier le conseil en orientation. Les auteurs portent plus spécifiquement leur attention sur la nécessité d’une plus grande prise en considération de l’avis des utilisateurs et utilisatrices.

Zusammenfassung

Forschungsbasiertes Wissen: Beitrag von Wissenschaftlern zur evidenzbasierten Praxis und Richtliniengestaltung in der Laufbahnberatung. Die Präsentation von Nachweisen der Wirkung von Laufbahnberatung wird als entscheidend für die weitere Professionalisierung der Richtlinieneinführung und Dienstleistungsorientierung angesehen. Dieser Artikel betont den Beitrag der Forscher zu evidenzbasierter Praxis und Richtlinieneinführung in der Laufbahnberatung. Wir sprechen uns für eine erweitere und pluralistische Forschungsstrategie aus, um die Komplexität der möglichen Fragen zu berücksichtigen, die als Nachweis für den Nutzen von Laufbahnberatung gestellt werden müssen. Die Autoren legen einen besonderen Fokus auf die Notwendigkeit einer stärkeren Einbindung des Mitspracherechts und der Meinung der Klienten.

Resumen

Investigación basada en el conocimiento: La contribución de los investigadores a las prácticas y políticas sobre orientación profesional basadas en la evidencia. La presentación de la evidencia de los resultados de la orientación profesional se percibe cada vez más como un hecho fundamental que contribuye a una mayor profesionalización de la elaboración de políticas y prestación de servicios. Este artículo pone el énfasis en la contribución de los investigadores a las prácticas y las políticas de orientación laboral, basadas en la evidencia. Abogamos por una estrategia más amplia y plural de investigación para satisfacer la complejidad de las posibles preguntas que se han de preguntar para aportar rigor en la orientación profesional. Los autores ponen especial énfasis en la necesidad de una mayor participación de los usuarios.

References

  1. Arnstein, S. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. American Institute of Planning Journal, 35, 216–224. doi: 10.1080/01944366908977225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bikos, L. H., Dykhouse, E. C., Boutin, S. K., Gowen, M. J., & Rodney, H. E. (2013). Practice and research in career counseling and development-2012. The Career Development Quarterly, 61, 290–329. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-0045.2013.00058.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bimrose, J., Barnes, S., Brown, A., Attwell, G., Malloch, M., Hughes, D., … Marris, L. (2005). Bridging the gap between research and practice: Development of the UK National Guidance Research Forum website. London, UK: National Guidance Research Forum. Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Alan_Brown8/publication/242184801_Bridging_the_Gap_between_Research__Practice_Development_of_the_UK_National_Guidance_Research_Forum_website/links/02e7e5294f96bb871c000000.pdf.
  4. Boston Consulting Group. (2013). Analyse af vejledningsindsatsen i overgangen fra grundskole til ungdomsuddannelse [Analysis of guidance in transition between secondary and upper secondary school]. Copenhagen, Denmark: Author.Google Scholar
  5. Cameron, R. (2010). Is mixed methods research used in Australian career development research? Australian Journal of Career Development, 19, 52–66. doi: 10.1177/103841621001900308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carr, W., & Kemmis, S. (1986). Becoming critical: Education, knowledge, and action research. Oxon, UK: Deakin University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Christensen, G., & Larsen, M. S. (2011). Evidence on guidance and counseling. Copenhagen, Denmark: Danish Clearinghouse for Educational Research.Google Scholar
  8. Cochrane, A. L. (1972). Effectiveness and efficiency: Random reflections on health services. London, UK: The Royal Society of Medicine Press.Google Scholar
  9. Danermark, B., Ekström, M., Jakobsen, L., & Karlsson, J. C. (2003). Att förklara samhället [Explaining society]. Lund, Sweden: Studentlitteratur.Google Scholar
  10. Douglas, F. (2011). Between a rock and a hard place: Career guidance practitioner resistance and the construction of professional identity. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11, 163–173. doi: 10.1007/s10775-011-9205-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. European Council of Ministers of Education. (2004). Strengthening policies, systems and practices in the field of guidance (Document No. 9286/04). Brussels, Belgium: Council of the European Union. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/2010/doc/resolution2004_en.pdf.
  12. European Council of Ministers of Education. (2008). On better integrating lifelong guidance into lifelong learning strategies (Document No. 15030/08). Brussels, Belgium: Council of the European Union. Retrieved from http://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/srv?l=EN&f=ST%2015030%202008%20INIT.
  13. European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network. (2010). Lifelong guidance policies: Work in progress. A report on the work of the European lifelong guidance policy network 2008–2010. Jyväskylä, Finland: Author.Google Scholar
  14. Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre. (2010). EPPI-centre methods for conducting systematic reviews. London, UK: Author.Google Scholar
  15. Ford, G. (2001). Guidance for adults: Harnessing partnership potential [NICEC briefing]. Cambridge, UK: Careers Research and Advisory Centre.Google Scholar
  16. Glasziou, P., Vandenbroucke, J. P., & Chalmers, I. (2004). Assessing the quality of research. British Medical Journal, 328, 39–41. doi: 10.1136/bmj.328.7430.39.
  17. Goodman, K. W. (2003). Ethics and evidence-based medicine. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Greene, J., Caracelli, V., & Graham, W. D. (1989). Toward a conceptual framework for mixed-method evaluation designs. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 11, 255–274. doi: 10.3102/01623737011003255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hammersley, M. (2001). Some questions about evidence-based practice in education. Paper presented at the Annual conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.Google Scholar
  20. Herr, E. L. (2003). The future of career counseling as an instrument of public policy. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 8–17. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-0045.2003.tb00622.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hiebert, B. (1994). A framework for quality control, accountability and evaluation: Being clear about the legitimate outcomes of career counselling. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 28, 334–345.Google Scholar
  22. Hiebert, B., Schober, K., & Oakes, L. (2014). Demonstrating the impact of career guidance. In G. Arulmani, A. J. Bakshi, F. T. L. Leong, & A. G. Watts (Eds.), Handbook of career development: International perspectives (pp. 671–686). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hooley, T. (2014). The evidence base on lifelong guidance: A guide to key finding for effective policy and practice. Jyväskylä, Finland: ELGPN.Google Scholar
  24. Hughes, D. (2004). Creating evidence: Building the case for career development. The Career Counsellor, 16(2), 2–7.Google Scholar
  25. Hughes, H., & Gration, G. (2009). Evidence and impact: Careers and guidance-related intervention. Reading, UK: CfBT Trust.Google Scholar
  26. Irving, B. A., & Barker, V. (2004). Living in the real world: Developing and delivering qualitative research. In H. Reid & J. Bimrose (Eds.), Constructing the future: Reflection on practice (pp. 69–83). Stourbridge, UK: Institute of Career Guidance.Google Scholar
  27. Johnson, R. B., Onwuegbuzie, A., & Turner, L. (2007). Toward a definition of mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1, 112–133. doi: 10.1177/1558689806298224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1994). Evaluating training programs: The four levels. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.Google Scholar
  29. Kjærgård, R. (2012). Karriereveiledningens genealogi. Den suverene stats regulering av det frie utdannings- og yrkesvalg [Geneology of career guidance. The regulation of the free educational and vocational choice]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.Google Scholar
  30. Lillehammer University College. (2014). Studieplan videreutdanning i karriereveiledning [Curriculum for the continuing education program in career guidance]. Lillehammer, Norway: University College. Retrieved from http://hil.no/studiekatalog/karriereveiledning.
  31. Magnusson, K., & Lalande, V. (2005). The state of practice in Canada in measuring career service impact. Toronto, Canada: The Canadian Career Development Foundation.Google Scholar
  32. Maguire, M. (2004). Measuring the outcomes of career guidance. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 4, 179–192. doi: 10.1007/s10775-005-1022-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Maguire, M., & Killeen, J. (2003). Outcomes from career information and guidance services. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  34. Neary, S., & Hutchinson, J. (2009). More questions than answers: The role of practitioner research in professional practice. In H. Reid & J. Bimrose (Eds.), Constructing the future: Career guidance for changing contexts (pp. 42–50). Stourbridge, UK: Institute of Career Guidance.Google Scholar
  35. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2004). Career guidance and public policy: Bridging the gap. Paris, France: Author.Google Scholar
  36. Plant, H. (2006). Involving the users of guidance services in policy development. Leicester, UK: The Guidance Council. Retrieved from http://vana.innove.ee/orb.aw/class=file/action=preview/id=23705/Karjaariteenuste_kasutajate_kaasamine_poliitlistesse_arengutesse_Helen_Plant.pdf.
  37. Plant, P. (2009). Quality assurance/evidence-base for policy and systems development (WP4 Second visit briefing note, Helsinki). Jyväskylä, Finland: ELGPN. Retrieved from https://ktl.jyu.fi/ktl/elgpn/themes/wp4/fv2.
  38. Plant, P. (2012). Quality assurance and evidence in career guidance in Europe: Counting what is measured or measuring what counts? International Journal of Educational and Vocational Guidance, 12, 91–104. doi: 10.1007/s10775-011-9195-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rambøll. (2008). Uddannelses—og ervervsvejeldning i uddannelsessektoren [Educational and vocational guidance in the Educational Sector]. Copenhagen, Denmark: Rambøll Management Consulting.Google Scholar
  40. Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W., Gray, J. A. M., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. (1996). Evidence-based medicine: What it is and what it isn’t. British Medical Journal, 312, 71–72. doi: 10.1136/bmj.312.7023.71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sackett, D. L., Straus, S. E., Richardson, W. S., Rosenberg, W., & Haynes, R. B. (2000). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone.Google Scholar
  42. Shahar, E. (1997). A Popperian view of evidence-based medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 3, 109–116. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2753.1997.00092.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shaxson, L. (2005). Is your evidence robust enough? Questions for policy makers and practitioners. Evidence and Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, 1, 101–112. doi: 10.1332/1744264052703177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Vandvik, P. O. (2009). Evidensbasert medisin, uvurderlig verktøy for klinikere [Evidence-based medicine, an important tool for practitioners]. In H. Grimen & L. I. Terum (Eds.), Evidensbasert profesjonsutøvelse (pp. 111–124). Oslo, Norway: Abstrakt Forlag.Google Scholar
  45. Vilhjálmsdóttir, G., Dofradóttir, A. G., & Kjartansdóttir, G. B. (2011). Voice of users: Promoting quality of guidance for adults in the Nordic countries. Reykjavik, Iceland: Nordic Network of adult Learning.Google Scholar
  46. Watts, A. G. (1999). The economic and social benefits of guidance. Educational and Vocational Guidance Bulletin, 63, 12–19.Google Scholar
  47. Watts, A. G. (2003). Career development and public policy. Toronto, Canada: Canadian Career Development Foundation.Google Scholar
  48. Watts, A. G., Bezanson, L., & McCarthy, J. (2014). The international symposia on career development and public policy: Retrospect and prospect. Australian Journal of Career Development, 23, 108–118. doi: 10.1177/1038416214543390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wilson, S. J., Tanner-Smith, E. E., Lipsey, M. W., Steinka-Fry, K., & Morrison, J. (2011). Dropout prevention and intervention programs: Effects on school completion and dropout among school aged children and youth. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 8, 1–61. doi: 10.4073/csr.2011.8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lillehammer University CollegeLillehammerNorway
  2. 2.Aarhus UniversityAarhus CDenmark

Personalised recommendations