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Job search intention, theory of planned behavior, personality and job search experience

  • Isabelle FortEmail author
  • Catherine Pacaud
  • Pierre-Yves Gilles
Article

Abstract

The present study aimed not only to confirm the paths between theory of planned behavior variables and job search intention with a French sample, but also to test the moderating effects of job search experience and two personality dimensions (extraversion and conscientiousness) on these paths. One hundred and fifty-four participants rated these concepts on a series of scales. Results showed that the theory of planned behavior variables were significantly related to job search intention, and that extraversion and conscientiousness moderated the paths between attitude and job search intention. Results are discussed with reference to the literature and their practical implications.

Keywords

Theory of planned behavior Personality Experience 

Intention de chercher un emploi, théorie du comportement planifié, personnalité et expérience de la recherche d’emploi

Résumé

Intention de chercher un emploi: théorie du comportement planifié, personnalité et expérience dans la recherche d’emploi. Cette étude vise non seulement à confirmer les liens entre les variables de la théorie du comportement planifié et l’intention de chercher un emploi sur un échantillon Français, mais également à tester l’effet modérateur de l’expérience de la recherche d’emploi et de deux dimensions de personnalité (extraversion et caractère consciencieux) sur ces liens. Des échelles permettant d’évaluer ces concepts ont été administrées à un échantillon de cent cinquante quatre participants. Les résultats montrent que les variables de la théorie du comportement planifié sont significativement liées à l’intention de chercher un emploi et que l’extraversion et le caractère consciencieux modèrent les relations entre attitude et intention de chercher un emploi. Les résultats sont discutés au regard de la littérature et de leurs implications pratiques.

Zusammenfassung

Absicht zur Jobsuche, Theorie des geplanten Verhaltens, Persönlichkeit und Erfahrungen bezüglich Jobsuche. Diese Studie beabsichtigte nicht nur die Beziehungen zwischen Variablen der Theorie des geplanten Verhaltens und der Absicht zur Jobsuche innerhalb einer französischen Stichprobe zu bestätigen, sondern auch moderierende Effekte für diese Beziehungen durch Erfahrungen bezüglich der Jobsuche und durch zwei Persönlichkeitsdimensionen (Extraversion und Gewissenhaftigkeit) zu überprüfen. 154 Teilnehmer beurteilten die relevanten Konzepte auf einer Reihe von mehreren Skalen. Die Ergebnisse zeigten, dass Variablen der Theorie des geplanten Verhaltens signifikant im Zusammenhang mit der Absicht zur Jobsuche stehen, und dass Extraversion sowie Gewissenhaftigkeit den Zusammenhang zwischen Einstellungen und der Absicht zur Jobsuche moderieren. Die Ergebnisse werden in Bezug zu bisheriger Forschung und praktischen Implikationen diskutiert.

Resumen

Intención de búsqueda de empleo, teoría del comportamiento planificado, personalidad y experiencia en la búsqueda de empleo en Francia. El presente estudio ha tenido un doble objetivo: por una parte, confirmar los nexos existentes entre las variables de la teoría del comportamiento planificado y la intención de búsqueda de empleo en Francia. Por otra parte, evaluar los efectos moderadores de la experiencia en la búsqueda de empleo, y la de dos dimensiones de la personalidad (extraversión y escrupulosidad) sobre los citados nexos. Un total de 150 encuestados valoraron estos conceptos en una serie de escalas. Los resultados obtenidos demostraron que las variables de la teoría del comportamiento planificado estaban relacionadas de forma significativa con la intención de búsqueda de empleo, y que tanto la extraversión como la escrupulosidad actuaban como moderadores de las relaciones entre la actitud y la intención de búsqueda de empleo. Estos resultados se comentan referenciados a la literatura relacionada, y en relación a sus implicaciones prácticas.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabelle Fort
    • 1
    Email author
  • Catherine Pacaud
    • 1
  • Pierre-Yves Gilles
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche en Psychologie de la Connaissance du Langage et de l’Emotion (PsyCLE)Aix-Marseille UnivAix-En-Provence Cedex 1France

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