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An analytical framework for career research in the post-modern era

  • Mary McMahon
  • Mark Watson
Article

Abstract

Career psychology has witnessed a shift from approaches informed by tenets of the modern world to include approaches informed by the post-modern world as it strives to remain relevant. This shift is most evident in career theory and practice where developments reflect the influence of constructivism, but it is less evident in career research which has remained dominated by methodologies of the positivist worldview. These predominantly empirical methodologies seem incongruent with post-modern tenets. This article applies the constructivist Systems Theory Framework of career development as an analytical framework within which to consider career research in the post-modern era.

Keywords

Systems Theory Framework Career psychology Constructivist 

Résumé.

Un cadre de référence analytique pour la recherche carriérologique à l’ère post-moderne. La psychologie carriérologique a été le témoin d’une rupture entre des approches imprégnées par des principes du monde moderne et des approches informées par le monde post-moderne tandis qu’elle s’efforce de maintenir son niveau d’adéquation. Ce décalage est tout à fait évident dans la théorie et la pratique carriérologique où les développements reflètent l’influence du constructivisme, mais il est moins clair dans la recherche carriérologique qui est demeurée dominée par des méthodologies reflétant une conception du monde positiviste. Ces méthodologies principalement empiriques ne semblent pas être en harmonie avec des principes post-modernes. Cet article applique le Cadre constructiviste de la Théorie des Systèmes du développement de carrière comme cadre analytique de référence à l’aide duquel on peut envisager la recherche carriérologique à l’ère post-moderne.

Zusammenfassung.

Ein analytischer Rahmen für die Berufs- und Laufbahnforschung in der Postmoderne. Die Berufspsychologie hat in ihrem Bemühen, bedeutsam zu bleiben, einen Umbruch erlebt von Ansätzen, die von Lehrsätzen der Moderne bestimmt waren, hin zur Einbeziehung von Ansätzen der Postmoderne. Dieser Umbruch ist am offensichtlichsten in der Berufswahl- und Laufbahntheorie und in der Praxis der beruflichen Beratung, der Umbruch ist aber deutlich weniger erkennbar in der wissenschaftlichen Berufsforschung, denn diese blieb weiterhin dominiert von Methodologien der positivistischen Weltsicht. Diese im wesentlichen empirischen Methodologien scheinen jedoch nicht zu postmodernen Lehrsätzen zu passen. Dieser Artikel wendet das konstuktivistische System Theorie Konzept im Sinne eines analytischen Rahmens auf die berufliche Beratung an, in dem die Berufs- und Laufbahnforschung in der Postmoderne beschrieben wird.

Resumen.

Un marco de análisis para la investigación sobre el desarrollo y la orientación de la carrera en la era postmoderna. La Psicología de la carrera ha sido testigo del cambio de enfoques basados en aspectos del mundo moderno a incluir enfoques basados en el mundo postmoderno. Este cambio se hace más evidente en la teoría y práctica de la orientación para la carrera influidas por el constructivismo y menos evidente en la investigación dominada por las metodologías positivistas. Estas metodologías predominantemente empíricas parecen incongruentes con las premisas postmodernas. En este artículo se aplica el marco constructivista de la Teoría de Sistemas al desarrollo de la carrera como marco de análisis de la investigación en la era postmoderna.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Queensland, School of EducationBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyNelson Mandela Metropolitan UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa

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