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Understanding Career Chance

  • Charles P. ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

This article presents a rationale for considering and integrating the chance construct in an individual’s career development. The notion of chance is conceptualized from the sociological work perspective and on basis of theoretical tenets grounded in vocational and career psychology. The article argues that the exercising of human control in the vocational aspects of life should take into serious consideration the chance factor that often emerges in life experiences. It discusses the chance phenomenon in worklife, and elaborates considerations and ways of incorporating the chance construct into the career development process; it also suggests implications for career development and career counselling.

Keywords

Development Process Life Experience Career Development Career Counselling Human Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Comprendre la chance dans une vie professionnelle. Cet article présente un argumentaire permettant de considérer et d’intégrer le construit de chance dans le développement de la vie professionnelle d’un individu. La notion de la chance est conceptualisée dans la perspective de la sociologie du travail et sur la base de principes théoriques fondés sur la psychologie vocationelle et professionnelle. L’article soutient que l’exercice du contrôle humain dans les aspects vocationnels de la vie devrait prendre sérieusement en compte le facteur chance qui émerge souvent dans des expériences de la vie. Il discute le phénomène de chance dans la vie de travail et développe des considérations et des manières d’incorporer le construit de chance dans le processus de développement de la vie professionnelle; il suggère également les implications pour l’évolution de la vie professionnelle et le conseil de carrière.

Zusammenfassung

Den Zufall in der Berufswahl verstehen. Dieser Artikel stellt eine Begründung für die Berücksichtigung und Einbeziehung des Konstrukts des Zufalls in die individuelle Entwicklung der Berufslaufbahn. Die Bedeutung des Zufalls wird aus einer soziologischen Perspektive der Arbeit entworfen, sowie auf der Basis theoretischer Lehrsätze, die auf der Berufs- und Berufswahlpsychologie gründen. Der Artikel argumentiert, dass die Anwendung menschlicher Kontrolle in den beruflichen Aspekten des Lebens ernsthaft den Zufallsfaktor berücksichtigen sollte, der oft in Lebenserfahrungen auftritt. Das Phänomen des Zufalls im Arbeitsleben wird diskutiert, und es werden Überlegungen und Methoden herausgearbeitet, das Konstrukt des Zufalls in den Berufswahlprozess einzubeziehen; angeregt werden auch Schlussfolgerungen für den Berufswahlunterricht und die Berufsberatung.

Resumen

Comprensión de la “Oportunidad” Profesional. En este artículo se justifica la importancia de integrar el constructo de la “oportunidad” (chance – relacionado con el azar o happenstance, pero más amplio que éste) en el desarrollo de la carrera de un individuo. El concepto o idea de “oportunidad” se fundamenta en una perspectiva sociológica y en principios teóricos derivados de la psicología vocacional y de la carrera. Se argumenta que el ejercicio o puesta en práctica del control sobre los aspectos vocacionales de la vida debería tener seriamente en cuenta el factor “oportunidad” que surge a menudo en las experiencias vitales. Se describe el fenómeno de la “oportunidad” y se proponen algunas consideraciones y formas de incorporar este constructo en el proceso de desarrollo de la carrera. También se sugieren qué implicaciones tiene para la orientación y el desarrollo de la carrera.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Adult Education and Counselling Psychology, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT)University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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