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International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 57, Issue 6, pp 1691–1704 | Cite as

Predicting Atomic Decay Rates Using an Informational-Entropic Approach

  • Marcelo Gleiser
  • Nan Jiang
Article

Abstract

We show that a newly proposed Shannon-like entropic measure of shape complexity applicable to spatially-localized or periodic mathematical functions known as configurational entropy (CE) can be used as a predictor of spontaneous decay rates for one-electron atoms. The CE is constructed from the Fourier transform of the atomic probability density. For the hydrogen atom with degenerate states labeled with the principal quantum number n, we obtain a scaling law relating the n-averaged decay rates to the respective CE. The scaling law allows us to predict the n-averaged decay rate without relying on the traditional computation of dipole matrix elements. We tested the predictive power of our approach up to n = 20, obtaining an accuracy better than 3.7% within our numerical precision, as compared to spontaneous decay tables listed in the literature.

Keywords

Atomic decay rates Information theory Configurational entropy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

MG and NJ are partially supported by a US Department of Energy grant DE-SC001038.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA

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