International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 56, Issue 11, pp 3625–3637 | Cite as

Nonlinear Effects in Gluon Distribution Predicted by GLR-MQ Evolution Equation at Next-to-leading Order in LHC Data

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Abstract

In this work we have solved the nonlinear GLR-MQ evolution equation upto next-to-leading order (NLO) by considering NLO terms of the gluon-gluon splitting functions and running coupling constant α s (Q 2). Here, we have incorporated a Regge-like behaviour of gluon distribution in order to obtain a solution of the GLR-MQ equation in the range of 5G e V 2Q 2 ≤ 25G e V 2. We have studied the Q 2 evolution of the gluon distribution function G(x, Q 2) and its nonlinear effects at small-x. It can be observed from our analysis that the nonlinearities increase with decrease in the correlation radius R of two interacting gluons, as expected. We have compared our result of G(x, Q 2) as Q 2 increases and x decreases, for two different values of R, viz. R = 2G e V −1 and 5 G e V −1. We have also checked the sensitivity of the Regge intercept λ G on our results. We compare our computed results with those obtained by the global analysis to parton distribution functions (PDFs) by various collaborations where LHC data have been included viz. ABM12, CT14, MMHT14, PDF4LHC15, NNPDF3.0 and CJ15. Besides we have also shown comparison of our results with HERA PDF data viz. HERAPDF15.

Keywords

Parton distribution function Nonlinear evolution equation Regge behaviour 

Notes

Acknowledgements

One of the authors(M. Lalung) is grateful to CSIR, New Delhi for financial assistantship in the form of Junior Research Fellowship.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HEP Laboratory, Department of PhysicsTezpur UniversityTezpurIndia

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