International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 2500–2528

Outline of a Generalization and a Reinterpretation of Quantum Mechanics Recovering Objectivity


DOI: 10.1007/s10773-015-2887-5

Cite this article as:
Garola, C., Sozzo, S. & Wu, J. Int J Theor Phys (2016) 55: 2500. doi:10.1007/s10773-015-2887-5


The ESR model has been recently proposed in several papers to offer a possible solution to the problems raising from the nonobjectivity of physical properties in quantum mechanics (QM) (mainly the objectification problem of the quantum theory of measurement). This solution is obtained by embodying the mathematical formalism of QM into a broader mathematical framework and reinterpreting quantum probabilities as conditional on detection rather than absolute. We provide a new and more general formulation of the ESR model and discuss time evolution according to it, pointing out in particular that both linear and nonlinear evolution may occur, depending on the physical environment.


Quantum mechanics ESR model Quantum measurements Evolution 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly
  2. 2.School of Management and IQSCSUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsZhejiang UniversityZhejiangPeople’s Republic of China

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