International Journal of Theoretical Physics

, Volume 48, Issue 11, pp 3278–3286

On the Zero-Energy Universe



We consider the energy of the Universe, from the pseudo-tensor point of view (Berman, M.Sc. thesis, 1981). We find zero values, when the calculations are well-done. The doubts concerning this subject are clarified, with the novel idea that the justification for the calculation lies in the association of the equivalence principle, with the nature of co-motional observers, as demanded in Cosmology. In Sect. 4, we give a novel calculation for the zero-total energy result.


Pseudotensors General relativity Energy Pseudoquadrimomentum Cosmology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Albert Einstein/LatinamericaCuritibaBrazil

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