State Property Systems and Orthogonality

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Abstract

The structure of a state property system was introduced to formalize in a complete way the operational content of the Geneva–Brussels approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics (Aerts, D. International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 38, 289–358, 1999; Aerts, D. in Quantum Mechanics and the Nature of Reality, Kluwer Academic; Aerts, D., Colebunders, E., van der Voorde, A., and van Steirteghem, B. International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 38, 359–385, 1999), and the category of state property systems was proven to be equivalent to the category of closure spaces (Aerts, D., Colebunders, E., van der Voorde, A., and van Steirteghem, B., International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 38, 359–385, 1999; Aerts, D., Colebunders, E., van der Voorde, A., and van Steirteghem, B., The construct of closure spaces as the amnestic modification of the physical theory of state property systems, Applied Categorical Structures, in press). The first axioms of standard quantum axiomatics (state determination and atomisticity) have been shown to be equivalent to the T0 and T1 axioms of closure spaces (van Steirteghem, B., International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 39, 955, 2000; van der Voorde, A., International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 39, 947–953, 2000; van der Voorde, A., Separation Axioms in Extension Theory for Closure Spaces and Their Relevance to State Property Systems, Doctoral Thesis, Brussels Free University, 2001), and classical properties to correspond to clopen sets, leading to a decomposition theorem into classical and purely nonclassical components for a general state property system (Aerts, D., van der Voorde, A., and Deses, D., Journal of Electrical Engineering, 52, 18–21, 2001; Aerts, D., van der Voorde, A., and Deses, D. International Journal of Theoretical Physics; Aerts, D. and Deses, D., Probing the Structure of Quantum Mechanics: Nonlinearity, Nonlocality, Computation, and Axiomatics, World Scientific, Singapore, 2002). The concept of orthogonality, very important for quantum axiomatics, had however not yet been introduced within the formal scheme of the state property system. In this paper we introduce orthogonality in an operational way, and define ortho state property systems. Birkhoff's well known biorthogonal construction gives rise to an orthoclosure and we study the relation between this orthoclosure and the operational orthogonality that we introduced.

Keywords

orthogonality state property systems ortho state property systems ortho axioms 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foundations of the Exact Sciences (FUND) and Topology (TOPO), Department of MathematicsBrussels Free UniversityBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.The Fund for Scientific ResearchFlandersBelgium
  3. 3.Foundations of the Exact Sciences (FUND) and Topology (TOPO), Department of MathematicsBrussels Free UniversityBrusselsBelgium

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