Challenges in natural language processing: the case of metaphor (commentary)

  • John A. Barnden


This article comments on some ways in which metaphor is relevant to practical language technology, for either text or speech. While the article mentions some deep problems, it nevertheless points out that certain issues are less troublesome than they might appear to be, and that metaphor in real discourse has some characteristics that could help, rather than hinder, practical discourse-processing. The article also mentions the author’s ongoing work on developing a new view of how metaphor and metonymy relate to each other. This view is based on a deconstruction into underlying dimensions.

Metaphor Metonymy Figurative language Natural language understanding Natural language technology Natural language pragmatics Discourse processing Lexical resources Language resources Ontologies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK

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