Thermal Effusivity of Human Fluids

  • J. L. González-DomínguezEmail author
  • A. Cruz-Orea
  • H. Rojas-Chávez
  • F. Sánchez-Sinencio
  • C. Hernández-Aguilar
  • F. A. Domínguez-Pacheco


In the present study, the thermal effusivities of human fluids, such as human blood serum, urine, saliva and tears, were obtained by the photopyroelectric (PPE) technique in inverse configuration (IPPE). Human blood serum and urine were obtained from studies carried out in a government hospital for public servants in Mexico City, whereas saliva and tears were artificial. Making use of both, the amplitude and phase of the PPE signal, the thermal effusivities of each one of the mentioned human fluids were obtained. In order to obtain them, the experimental PPE data were normalized to the PPE signal with air as sample and the theoretical PPE equation was fitted to the normalized experimental data.


Human fluids Photopyroelectric Thermal effusivity 



The authors are thankful to Ms. Isabel Rojas from Hospital “1o. De octubre” of the ISSSTE and also to CONACYT for the partial economical support from both Project No. 241330 and for postdoctoral fellowship to Mr. José Luis González Domínguez and Mr Hugo Rojas-Chávez. We also thank Ms. Esther Ayala from the Photothermal Techniques Laboratory of Physics Department, CINVESTAV-IPN, for the support to develop the experiments of the present study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCINVESTAV-IPNCiudad de MéxicoMéxico
  2. 2.Department of SystemsIPN-ESIME-ZAC-SEPI, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López MateosCiudad de MéxicoMéxico

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