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Photothermal Beam Deflection Spectroscopy for the Determination of Thermal Diffusivity of Soils and Soil Aggregates

  • M. A. Proskurnin
  • D. Korte
  • O. B. Rogova
  • D. S. Volkov
  • M. Franko
ICPPP 19
  • 180 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. ICPPP-19: Selected Papers of the 19th International Conference on Photoacoustic and Photothermal Phenomena

Abstract

Photothermal beam deflection spectroscopy (BDS) with a red He–Ne laser (632.8 nm, 35 mW) as an excitation beam source and a green He–Ne laser (543.1 nm, 2 mW) as a probe was used for estimating thermal diffusivity of several types of soil samples and individual soil aggregates with small surfaces (2 × 2 mm). It is shown that BDS can be used on demand for studies of changes in properties of soil entities of different hierarchical levels under the action of agrogenesis. It is presented that BDS clearly distinguishes between thermal diffusivities of different soil types: Sod-podzolic [Umbric Albeluvisols, Abruptic], 29 ± 3; Chernozem typical [Voronic Chernozems, Pachic], 9.9 ± 0.9; and Light Chestnut [Haplic Kastanozems, Chromic], 9.7 ± 0.9 cm2·h−1. Aggregates of chernozem soil show a significantly higher thermal diffusivity compared to the bulk soil. Thermal diffusivities of aggregates of Chernozem for virgin and bare fallow samples differ, 53 ± 4 cm2·h−1 and 45 ± 4 cm2·h−1, respectively. Micromonoliths of different Sod-podzolic soil horizons within the same profile (topsoil, depth 10–14 cm, and a parent rock with Fe illuviation, depth 180–185 cm) also show a significant difference, thermal diffusivities are 9.5 ± 0.8 cm2·h−1 and 27 ± 2 cm2·h−1, respectively. For soil micromonoliths, BDS is capable to distinguish the difference in thermal diffusivity resulting from the changes in the structure of aggregates.

Keywords

Photothermal beam deflection spectroscopy Soils Soil aggregates Soil horizons Soil micromonoliths Thermal diffusivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant no. 16-33-60147 mol_a_dk to D.V, the Slovenian research Agency research program P1-0034 — “Analytics and chemical characterization of materials and processes” to D.K. and M.F.; and Erasmus + mobility grant to M.P.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Laboratory for Environmental and Life SciencesUniversity of Nova GoricaNova GoricaSlovenia
  3. 3.Dokuchaev Soil Science InstituteMoscowRussia

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