Measurement of the Calorific Value of Methane by Calorimetry Using Metal Burner

  • Joohyun LeeEmail author
  • Suyong Kwon
  • Wukchul Joung
  • Daeho Kim
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue: Advances in Thermophysical Properties


With the diversification of natural gas origins and variations in natural gas compositions, the accurate measurement of the calorific value of natural gas has become a very important issue for the gas industry and standardization. Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science is developing a standard gas calorimeter based on the isoperibolic technique. This work describes the details of the experimental apparatus and procedures of the developed gas calorimeter along with the measurement results for the superior calorific value of methane at \(25\,^{\circ }\hbox {C}\). A burner made of stainless steel was used for the first time in this type of calorimeter, and the potential application of a metal burner to a gas calorimeter was investigated. Eight measurements were performed, and the deviation from international standards was 0.16 %. The deviation was mainly caused by the measurement of the burned methane gas. The measurement results show that the metal burner may potentially be employed in a gas calorimeter.


Metal burner Methane Natural gas Superior calorific value 



This work was supported by the Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science under the project ‘Establishment of National Physical Measurement Standards and Improvements of Calibration/Measurement Capability’ Grant 17011046.


  1. 1.
    K. Lim, J. Jun, B. Lee, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 109, 487–494 (2012). doi: 10.1007/s10973-011-1688-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ISO 6976, Natural Gas: Calculation of calorific values, density, relative density and Wobbe indices from composition, International Standard ISO 6976, 2016-08Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F.D. Rossini, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 6, 1–35 (1931). doi: 10.6028/jres.006.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.D. Rossini, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 6, 37–49 (1931). doi: 10.6028/jres.006.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.D. Rossini, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 7, 329–330 (1931). doi: 10.6028/jres.007.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F.D. Rossini, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 8, 119–139 (1932). doi: 10.6028/jres.008.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    F.D. Rossini, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 12, 735–750 (1934). doi: 10.6028/jres.012.059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.A. Pittam, G. Pilcher, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday. Trans. I 68, 2224–2229 (1972). doi: 10.1039/F19726802224 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Dale, C. Lythall, J. Aucott, C. Sayer, Thermochim. Acta 382, 47–54 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0040-6031(01)00735-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Haloua, B. Hay, J.-R. Filtz, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 97, 673–678 (2009). doi: 10.1007/s10973-008-9701-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Haloua, J. Ponsard, G. Lartigue, B. Hay, C. Villermaux, E. Foulon, M. Zaréa, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 55, 40–47 (2012). doi: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2011.12.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Haloua, E. Foulon, A. Allard, B. Hay, J.R. Filtz, Metrologia 52, 741–755 (2015). doi: 10.1088/0026-1394/52/6/741 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Schley, M. Beck, M. Uhrig, S.M. Sarge, J. Rauch, F. Haloua, J.-R. Filtz, B. Hay, M. Yakoubi, J. Escande, A. Benito, P.L. Cremonesi, Int. J. Thermophys. 31, 665–679 (2010). doi: 10.1007/s10765-010-0714-z ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Wenz, P. Ulbig, S.M. Sarge, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 71, 137–145 (2003). doi: 10.1023/A:1022270318257 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y.I. Alexandrov, Thermochim. Acta 382, 55–64 (2002). doi: 10.1016/S0040-6031(01)00736-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S.M. Sarge, G.W.H. Höhne, W. Hemminger, Calorimetry (WILEY-VCH, New York, 2014), pp. 73–79Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Haloua, B. Hay, E. Foulon, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 111, 985–994 (2013). doi: 10.1007/s10973-012-2342-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Thermometry, Division of Physical MetrologyKorea Research Institute of Standards and ScienceDaejeonRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations