A Simple Prediction Method for the Surface Tension of Ionic Liquids as a Function of Temperature

  • Thomas M. KollerEmail author
  • Corina Steininger
  • Michael H. Rausch
  • Andreas P. Fröba


In this study, a simple prediction method for the surface tension of ionic liquids (ILs) as a function of temperature is developed. Based on a database of experimental surface tension values collected from the literature, first a prediction scheme for the surface tension at a reference temperature of 298.15 K using only information on the density, molar mass, and anion type of the IL is suggested. By combination of this approach with the temperature dependence of the density, an extended prediction scheme describing the temperature dependence of the surface tension of ILs is recommended. The optimized prediction model for the surface tension allows for the prediction of about 3500 temperature-dependent experimental surface tension data of 226 different ILs with a standard deviation of about 7 %. In comparison with fluid-specific prediction methods found in the literature, the developed simple empirical prediction model requires only easily accessible parameters and can be applied for ILs with arbitrary cation and anion combinations. Thus, the proposed prediction method seems to be a valuable engineering tool for the quantitative estimation of the surface tension of ILs.


Density Ionic liquids Prediction Surface tension Temperature 



This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) by funding the Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT) within the German Excellence Initiative.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (docx 334 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Optical Technologies – Thermophysical Properties (AOT-TP), Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (CBI) and Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT)Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)ErlangenGermany

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