Method for the Thermal Characterization of PCM Systems in the Volume Range from 100 ml to 1000 ml
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The storage of latent heat in phase change materials (PCM) is of great interest in many applications, for example in building applications. However, there is no standard method for the determination of the thermophysical properties of application-sized PCM specimens, i.e., specimens with sizes around 100 ml to 1000 ml. In order to close this metrological gap, a commercially available heat flow meter was modified to perform enthalpy measurements. The feasibility of this method was proven by performing comparative measurements on a stainless steel specimen using both the standard method DSC and the modified heat flow meter. Furthermore, measurements on a gypsum board with microencapsulated PCM were performed with the heat flow meter in order to determine the enthalpy. The coincidence with literature values is within ±4% which demonstrates that this method is a good choice for performing measurements on application-sized PCM specimens.
KeywordsCalorimetry Heat flow meter PCM Phase change material
This work is supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy under Grant Agreement Number 03ESP230A, Title: PCM-Metro.
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