International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 674–692 | Cite as

A Novel Technique for Experimental Thermophysical Characterization of Phase-Change Materials

  • Zohir Younsi
  • Laurent Zalewski
  • Stéphane Lassue
  • Daniel R. Rousse
  • Annabelle Joulin
Article

Abstract

The major objective of this project is to use phase-change materials (PCMs) as integrated components in passive solar heat recovery systems. The suggested approach involves experimental investigations and characterization of the global behavior of a parallelepiped “material wrap” filled with the PCM. The experimental apparatus permits simultaneous measurements of heat fluxes and temperatures. It also allows imposing and measuring temperatures variations with respect to selected time scales between the two predominant faces of the sample. The instantaneous heat flux measurements allow the determination of the “apparent” or overall heat storage capacities and thermal conductivities of the PCM—in the solid and liquid states—and that of the latent heat of melting. Results were found to be very satisfactory.

Keywords

Calorimetry Heat flux measurement Heat storage Phase-change material Thermophysical properties 

Nomenclature

T

Temperature, °C

ΔT

Temperature difference, °C

φ

Density of heat flux, W · m−2

Q

Total stored energy, J

C

Specific heat, J · kg−1 · K−1

L

Latent heat of melting, J · kg−1

e

Thickness, m

k

Thermal conductivity, W · m−1 · K−1

m

Mass, kg

t

Time, h

Subscripts

l

Liquid state

s

Solid state

melting

Melting point

initial

Initial

final

Final

int

Internal face of the envelope

ext

External face of the envelope

samp

Sample (brick) which includes the PCM and its envelope

1

Measurement on the first side of the brick

2

Measurement on the second side of the brick

pcm

Phase change material

end

At the end, in steady state

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zohir Younsi
    • 3
  • Laurent Zalewski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stéphane Lassue
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel R. Rousse
    • 4
  • Annabelle Joulin
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Université Lille Nord de FranceLilleFrance
  2. 2.Université d’Artois, LGCgEBéthuneFrance
  3. 3.Hautes Etudes d’Ingénieur (HEI)LilleFrance
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical Engineering, École de Technologie SupérieureUniversité du QuébecMontréalCanada

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