Thermophysical Properties of a Refrigerant Mixture of R365mfc (1,1,1,3,3-Pentafluorobutane) and Galden® HT 55 (Perfluoropolyether)
This work presents a comprehensive experimental study of various thermophysical properties of an azeotropic refrigerant mixture of 65 mass% R365mfc (1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane) and 35 mass% Galden® HT 55 (perfluoropolyether). Light scattering from bulk fluids has been applied for measuring both the thermal diffusivity and the speed of sound in the liquid and vapor phases under saturation conditions, between 293 K and the liquid–vapor critical point at 450.7 K. Furthermore, the speed of sound has been measured for the superheated-vapor phase along nine isotherms, between 393 and 523 K and up to a maximum pressure of about 2.5 MPa. For temperatures between 253 and 413 K, light scattering by surface waves on a horizontal liquid–vapor interface has been used for simultaneous determination of the surface tension and kinematic viscosity of the liquid phase. With light scattering techniques, uncertainties of less than ±2.0%, ±0.5%, ±1.5%, and ±1.5% have been achieved for the thermal diffusivity, sound speed, kinematic viscosity, and surface tension, respectively. In addition to vapor-pressure measurements between 304 and 448 K, the density was measured between 273 and 443 K using a vibrating-tube method. Here, measurements have been performed in the compressed- and saturated-liquid phases with uncertainties of ±0.3% and ±0.1%, respectively, as well as for the superheated vapor up to a maximum pressure of about 3 MPa with an uncertainty between ±0.3% and ±3%. Critical-point parameters were derived by combining the data obtained by different techniques.
Keywordsdensity Galden® HT 55 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane perfluoropolyether R365mfc Solkatherm® SES36 sound speed surface tension thermal diffusivity vapor pressure viscosity
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