Steven M. Goodman and William L. Jungers: Extinct Madagascar: Picturing the Island’s Past
Madagascar is a marvelously strange place. Its distinctive landscapes are home to an incredible number of animals unique to the island, including more than 100 species of lemur. Madagascar is considered a hotspot for conservation efforts because of unparalleled levels of endemism, species diversity, and human impacts on the environment (Goodman and Benstead 2005; Myers et al. 2000). This is especially true given that the island has suffered well-documented megafaunal extinctions and widespread deforestation in the past 2500–4000 years following human colonization (Burney et al. 2004; Crowley 2010; Dewar et al. 2013). Humans are widely considered to be the primary trigger of the extinctions (Burney 2003; Burney et al. 2004; Burns et al. 2016; Crowley et al. 2016; Godfrey and Irwin 2007), but the relative contributions of climate change and human activities to these ecological transformations are still contested (Virah-Sawmy 2009; Virah-Sawmy et al. 2009, 2010).
A single island-wide...
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