International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 1477–1502

Distribution and New Sightings of Goeldi’s Monkey (Callimico goeldii) in Amazonian Perú

  • Mrinalini Watsa
  • Gideon A. Erkenswick
  • Jennifer A. Rehg
  • Renata Leite Pitman
Article

Abstract

There is a general consensus on the geographic distributions of many primate species; however, the continuity and validity of species range maps are often inaccurate on a local scale. In the case of rare and cryptic species, census methodology is often insufficiently rigorous or specialized, resulting in probable false negatives. Callimico goeldii is a rare primate, with most of its geographical range purported to lie in Perú. We evaluate the accuracy of its predicted geographic range within Perú with an assessment of mammal surveys over the last 40 yr and the inclusion of new sightings from three sites. We found that of all 340 study sites, only 10.9 % indicate that this species is present, and only 51 % of these sites receive any government protection. The Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone and the Rodal Tahuamanu Conservation Concession have the highest estimated densities of Callimicogoeldii. We suggest using focal follows of sympatric tamarins and vocalization playbacks rather than traditional line transects to improve the likelihood of locating this species. Although the current range maps based on the available data are likely an exaggeration of the species’ true range, the inherent imperfections of standard census methodology when applied to rare and cryptic species can lead to underrepresentative range maps as well. For these reasons, it is clear that the current distribution map for Callimico goeldii is imprecise, and until its distribution is reassessed, its conservation status cannot be confirmed.

Keywords

Amazonian Perú Callimico goeldii Distribution Conservation 

Supplementary material

10764_2012_9632_MOESM1_ESM.docx (285 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 284 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mrinalini Watsa
    • 1
  • Gideon A. Erkenswick
    • 2
  • Jennifer A. Rehg
    • 3
  • Renata Leite Pitman
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWashington University in Saint LouisSaint LouisUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of Missouri - Saint LouisSaint LouisUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnthropologySouthern Illinois University EdwardsvilleEdwardsvilleUSA
  4. 4.Center for Tropical ConservationDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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