International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 1107–1122 | Cite as

Tarsius wallacei: A New Tarsier Species from Central Sulawesi Occupies a Discontinuous Range

  • Stefan MerkerEmail author
  • Christine Driller
  • Hadi Dahruddin
  • Wirdateti
  • Walberto Sinaga
  • Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah
  • Myron Shekelle


On the basis of distinguishing characteristics of various genetic markers, pelage color, tail tuft, and vocalizations, we describe a new species of the genus Tarsius Storr 1780. The new taxon Tarsius wallacei sp. nov. occupies a disjunct range in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The two isolated populations differ significantly in body size, but are alike in color, tail tuft dimensions, vocalizations, and genetic composition. Morphologically, the new species is similar to other Sulawesi lowland tarsiers. In the field, it can be distinguished from its congeners via a characteristic duet song and its yellow-brown pelage coloration and a copper-colored throat. Genetic analyses prove Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA sequences and also microsatellite allele frequencies to be absolutely diagnostic.


Cytochrome b Duet song Microsatellites Primate SRY Tinombo form 



We thank the Indonesian authorities LIPI, RISTEK, PHKA, and BKSDA as well as local administrations of several villages for granting research, capture, and export permits. We thank Dr. Joko Pamungkas, Director of the Primate Research Center at Bogor Agricultural University, and Wahyu Sudrajat for their administrative support. We also thank our long-term field assistants Amar, Baso, Leo, Raimon, Sapri, and Thony for their indispensable help in the field, and also Novik Nurhidayat, Yogy Simanjuntak, and Novita Anggraeni for assisting us in the laboratory. All work complied with international and Indonesian law and regulations. This study was part of a collaborative project among the University of Mainz, the Primate Research Center at IPB Bogor, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences, LIPI. The work was supported through research grants from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, Me2730/1-2, Me2730/1-3, to S. Merker).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Merker
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Christine Driller
    • 2
  • Hadi Dahruddin
    • 3
  • Wirdateti
    • 3
  • Walberto Sinaga
    • 4
  • Dyah Perwitasari-Farajallah
    • 4
    • 5
  • Myron Shekelle
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and EvolutionJohann-Wolfgang-Goethe University FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Institute of AnthropologyJohannes-Gutenberg University MainzMainzGermany
  3. 3.Division of ZoologyResearch Center for Biology-LIPICibinongIndonesia
  4. 4.Primate Research CenterBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  5. 5.Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural SciencesBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  6. 6.tarsier.orgBurlingtonUSA

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