International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 211–230 | Cite as

Test of the Optimal Body Size Model for Strepsirhines

  • Shawn M. Lehman
  • Mariam Nargolwalla
  • Andrea Faulkner
  • Nicole Taylor
  • Rochelle Lundy
Article

We determined if data on strepsirhine body and home range sizes support an optimal body size (OBS) model of 100 g, as predicted from studies of energetics in terrestrial mammals. We also tested the following predictions of the OBS model: 1) relationships between body and home range sizes will change slope and sign above and below the OBS threshold of 100 g and 2) best-fit lines for OBS regression models (above and below the 100-g threshold) will intersect at ca. 100 g (range of 80–250 g). We collected data on body mass, home range size, and vertical ranging behavior for 37 strepsirhines from the literature. Linear regression analyses and phylogenetic independent contrasts methods revealed that body size is a significant determinant of both 2-dimensional (ha) and 3-dimensional (km3) home range sizes only in taxa weighing >100 g. There were consistent changes in the sign of the slopes above and below the OBS threshold. The intersections of the best-fit lines were within the OBS range for the body size to 3-dimensional home range comparisons. Thus, the data provide some support for the OBS model in strepsirhines. However, no regression model was statistically significant for the taxa below the OBS threshold, which may reflect small sample sizes. Also, no slope differed significantly between taxa above and below the OBS. Significant correlations between body and home range sizes for the complete data sets refute the √-shaped constraint space predicted via the OBS model.

KEY WORDS

independent contrasts interspecific allometry optimal body size strepsirhines 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shawn M. Lehman
    • 1
  • Mariam Nargolwalla
    • 1
  • Andrea Faulkner
    • 2
  • Nicole Taylor
    • 1
  • Rochelle Lundy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of NursingUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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