International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 227–238 | Cite as

Coprological Surveys of Alouatta pigra at Two Sites in Belize

  • Katherine A. Eckert
  • Nina E. Hahn
  • Andrew Genz
  • Dawn M. Kitchen
  • Michael D. Stuart
  • Gary A. Averbeck
  • Bert E. Stromberg
  • Hal Markowitz

Fecal samples were collected from black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) in north central Belize and analyzed for evidence of endoparasite life stages. At least six types of endoparasites were found in Alouatta pigra fecal samples collected in the Lamanai Archaeological Reserve and the Community Baboon Sanctuary in 1999. These include a digenean trematode, an oxyurid nematode, a strongyle-type nematode, an ascarid presumed to be Ascaris sp., Entamoeba coli and Iodamoeba bütschlii. Higher trematode prevalence was found in adult Alouatta pigra compared to juveniles and higher prevalence of nematode larvae in all animals was found in the wet season compared to the dry season.

Alouatta pigra belize disease parasite prevalence 



K. A. Eckert and H. Markowitz thank Oceanic Society Expeditions and M. Howells at the Lamanai Field Research Center in Belize for providing funding, research assistants, accommodations, and logistical assistance with this project. B. Cruz and C. Godoy provided field, laboratory, and manuscript preparation assistance at Lamanai; G. Antipa, G. Lum,S. Garcia, and S. Hochide at San Francisco State University (SFSU);M. Eberhard of the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, GA; andT. Rainwater of Texas Tech University. D. M. Kitchen and A. Genz would like to thank the residents of Bermudian Landing for friendship and access to private lands and N. Grindheim, M. Joseph, S. Kenney, C. Vögt, and N. Weber for field assistance. For funding, K. A. Eckert thanks the Graduate Assistantship in Areas of National Need, the College of Science and Engineering, and the Department of Biology at SFSU and the SFSU Conservation Fund, which M. Vasey. Dayton & Wilkie Natural History Grants, UMN Grants for Research Abroad, UMN Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior provided funding for Dawn M. Kitchen. Finally we thank The Belize Forestry Department and Minister of Agriculture for allowing research at the Lamanai site and CBS management for permission to conduct research at the Bermudian Landing site.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine A. Eckert
    • 1
    • 7
  • Nina E. Hahn
    • 2
  • Andrew Genz
    • 3
  • Dawn M. Kitchen
    • 4
  • Michael D. Stuart
    • 5
  • Gary A. Averbeck
    • 6
  • Bert E. Stromberg
    • 6
  • Hal Markowitz
    • 1
  1. 1.San Francisco State UniversityDepartment of BiologySan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkeley Office of Laboratory Animal CareBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Office of Public HealthLouisiana Department of Health & HospitalsNew OrleansUSA
  4. 4.The Ohio State UniversityDepartment of AnthropologyColumbusUSA
  5. 5.University of North Carolina, AshevilleDepartment of BiologyAshevilleUSA
  6. 6.University of MinnesotaDepartment of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary MedicineSt. PaulUSA
  7. 7.Office of the Dean Student Programs, School of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaOne Shields AvenueCaliforniaUSA

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