Effects of Individual and Group Characteristics on Feeding Behaviors in Wild Leontopithecus rosalia
- Cite this article as:
- Miller, K.E. & Dietz, J.M. Int J Primatol (2006) 26: 1291. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-8854-7
- 87 Downloads
Studies have linked variation in feeding and foraging success to variation in survival and reproductive success, which makes exploring influences on feeding invaluable. In the current study, we quantified energy contents of foods consumed by wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia, GLT) and feeding behaviors of 34 GLT from March 1998 to March 1999. Our objective was to test predictions regarding effects of characteristics of the 1) individual, 2) group, 3) environment, and 4) other behaviors on 3 feeding behaviors: feeding on plant matter, searching for prey, and feeding on prey. We hypothesized that environmental characteristics, e.g., resource availability, in addition to group characteristics e.g., group size, would influence feeding on plant matter, because several individuals in a group often consume fruit in the same fruit tree. We hypothesized that environmental characteristics and individual characteristics, e.g., age, would influence searching for and consuming prey because the individual often searches for and consumes prey while it is alone at a substrate. We used SAS mixed models to determine the relative influence of these characteristics on the feeding behaviors. We found that group characteristics more significantly influenced feeding on plant matter, while individual characteristics more significantly influenced searching for prey. The results emphasize the distinctly different influences of individual and group characteristics on feeding. That influences other than competition may affect feeding on plant matter warrants further exploration.