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International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 977–989 | Cite as

Macaca munzala: A New Species from Western Arunachal Pradesh, Northeastern India*

  • Anindya Sinha
  • Aparajita Datta
  • M. D. Madhusudan
  • Charudutt Mishra
Article

Abstract

Macaca, comprising 20 well-characterized species, represents the largest and one of the most ecologically and socially diverse of all the nonhuman primate genera. We report the discovery of a macaque that is new to science from the high altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh, a biodiversity-rich state in northeastern India. We propose the scientific name Macaca munzala and the vernacular name Arunachal macaque for the species. It shares morphological characteristics independently with the Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis) and with the Tibetan macaque M. thibetana; like them, it appears to belong to the sinica species-group of the genus. However, the species is distinctive in relative tail length, which is intermediate between those of Tibetan and Western Assamese macaques, the subspecies with which it is sympatric. It is also unique in its altitudinal distribution, occurring largely at altitudes between 2000 and 3500 m. We provide a morphological characterization of the species, report preliminary data on its field biology and discuss possible taxonomic identity in relation to the other closely-related species of Macaca.

Keywords

Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala Macaca assamensis Macaca thibetana sinica species-group Arunachal Pradesh India 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anindya Sinha
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aparajita Datta
    • 1
    • 3
  • M. D. Madhusudan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Charudutt Mishra
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Nature Conservation FoundationMysoreIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Advanced Studies, Indian Institute of Science CampusBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Wildlife Conservation Society – India ProgramBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.International Snow Leopard TrustSeattleUSA

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