• Fredrik Jensen
  • Jørgen Sjaastad


Considerable resources are spent on initiatives aiming to increase achievement and participation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Drawing on focus group interviews and a questionnaire study with participants in ENT3R, a Norwegian out-of-school mathematics program, we investigated why participants attended and stayed in this program and assessed how it influenced participants’ STEM motivation. The authors identified 3 aspects of ENT3R highlighted by the participants: The instructors provided good teaching, the instructors created a positive atmosphere, and the instructors engaged in interpersonal relationships. Moreover, drawing on the expectancy-value model, the authors found that ENT3R appeared to influence 5 factors in the model that are important for STEM motivation: expectation of success, interest–enjoyment value, attainment value, utility value, and cost. This study points to the importance of carefully recruited and trained instructors and of flexible, responsively designed extracurricular programs.

Key words

educational choice motivation out-of-school projects recruitment role models STEM careers 


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Copyright information

© National Science Council, Taiwan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Centre for Science EducationOsloNorway
  2. 2.Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and EducationOsloNorway

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