Decrease in Terahertz Conductivity of Graphene Under Electron Beam Irradiations
- 50 Downloads
Electron beam (e-beam) irradiations are often involved for characterizing graphene-based terahertz (THz) devices or realizing graphene surface plasmons. Here, based on THz time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) and two-dimensional scanning system, the time dependence and the in situ mapping images of changed THz conductivity of graphene induced by e-beam irradiations are studied. The change in THz signals with irradiation indicates a decrease in the THz conductivity as a result of electron doping in graphene through irradiation. And the spatial imaging maps of the decreased THz conductivity reveal diverse electron doping speeds in graphene during different current e-beam irradiations. Additionally, different theoretical doping models are given for explanations of the imaging maps and the calculated results by doping models are in good accordance with the experimental results. Our findings are of significance for understanding the change in THz conductivity and carrier transport of graphene under e-beam irradiations.
KeywordsGraphene Terahertz conductivity E-beam irradiation Terahertz spectroscopy
This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2017YFA0701000); the National Basic Research Program (No.2014CB339801); the Natural Science Foundation of China (61701084); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (ZYGX2016KYQD113); and the National University Found (ZYGX2015KYQD064).
- 13.H. D. Song, Y. F. Wu, X. Yang, Z. Ren, X. Ke, M. Kurttepeli, G. V. Tendeloo, D. Liu, H. Wu, B. Yan, X. Wu, C. Duan, G. Han, Z. Liao, and D. Yu, “Asymmetric Modulation on Exchange Field in a Graphene/BiFeO3 Heterostructure by External Magnetic Field”. Nano letters 18 (4), 2435 (2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.J. D .Buron, F. Pizzocchero, B. S. Jessen, T. J. Booth, P. F. Nielsen, O. Hansen, M. Hilke, E. Whiteway, P. U. Jepsen, P. Bøggild, D. H. Petersen, “Electrically continuous graphene from single crystal copper verified by terahertz conductance spectroscopy and micro four-point probe”. Nano letters, 14(11), 6348–6355 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 29.W. H. Lee, J. W. Suk, J. Lee, Y. Hao, J. Park, J. W. Yang, H. Ha, S. Murali, H. Chou, D. Akinwande, K. S. Kim, R. S, and Ruoff RS, Simultaneous transfer and doping of CVD-grown graphene by fluoropolymer for transparent conductive films on plastic. Acs Nano 6(2), 1284–1290 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 32.P. Kathirgamanathan, R. McKibbin, and R. I. McLachlan, “Source term estimation of pollution from an instantaneous point source”. Res. Lett. Inf. Math. Sci. 3, 59–67 (2002).Google Scholar