International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 713–730 | Cite as

Health Consequences of Contact on Two Seventeenth-Century Native Groups from the Mid-Atlantic Region of Maryland



This study examined the skeletal remains of two different native groups, the Piscataway (Algonquian) and the Susquehannock (Iroquoian), who resided in close geographic proximity in the Tidewater-Potomac region of Maryland in order to understand their health during the 1,600 s CE. Both groups had differing interactions with colonial settlers and numerous historic accounts of violence. The results show some evidence of infectious disease and no types of interpersonal violence on the skeletal remains of either group. Other health disparities found were associated more with cultural and behavioral differences between these two ethnic groups than with direct colonial involvement.


Bioarchaeology European contact Treponemal infection St. Mary’s City Bacon’s rebellion 


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesYork College of PennsylvaniaYorkUSA

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