International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 269–296 | Cite as

A Syndetic Approach to Identification of the Historic Mission Site of San Cayetano del Tumacácori

  • Deni J. SeymourEmail author


This article explores the methodological considerations of a syndetic approach to archaeological inquiry. This multi-evidential approach involves crossing interdisciplinary boundaries to exploit data that reside with other specialists. The material evidence of a historically referenced place is sought in the archaeological record and evaluated using historical documentary data, ethnographic information, as well as data from other sources including assessment of occupational duration, intensity of residence, erosional patterns, and chronological placement. The case study involves location and verification of the 1690s through 1750s Sobaípuri-O’odham village of San Cayetano del Tumacácori in southern Arizona.


Colonialism Sobaípuri-O’odham Missionization Kino Micro-stratigraphy Arizona 



I am appreciative to Rio Rico Properties and Avitar for allowing the archaeological work on this site to proceed and specifically to Guy Tobin for being reasonable and patient. I thank Mike Karam for allowing us to look at the portion of the site on his land. As ever, Bill Cox’s commitment to cultural resource preservation is notable and he is also to be acknowledged for being the first (and former) Rio Rico Properties official to allow the survey to be conducted. David Gutfar’s kind remembrance was instrumental in allowing this work to proceed. The initial work on this site involved survey along the Santa Cruz, which resulted in the discovery of this and several other Sobaípuri sites. This survey was supported in part by an Arizona State Historic Preservation Office grant. I am deeply in depth to all the volunteers who worked on this site; to name them would exceed the page limit for this journal, but their help has been indispensable. I also want to extend my thanks to W. Bruce Masse for his candid and insightful comments on a draft of this paper and to William Deaver for extracting and running the archaeomagnetic sample. Erick Querubin expertly drafted the line drawings.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Colorado MuseumAlbuquerqueUSA

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