International Faculty Perceptions of Departmental Climate and Workplace Satisfaction
For this study we used the 2011–2014 survey data collected by the Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education (COACHE) at the Harvard Graduate School of Education to examine the degree of international faculty members’ satisfaction with autonomy, interactions with colleagues, departmental climate, and recognition and the effect of these elements upon the overall workplace satisfaction of international faculty members relative to their U.S. citizen peers. This study helps identify factors that can enhance international faculty members’ satisfaction in order to aid institutions in their efforts not only to recruit the best talent but also to support and retain such talent.
KeywordsInternational faculty U.S. higher education Workplace satisfaction
The authors acknowledge that the reported results are based in whole on analyses of the COACHE Data Set. These data were collected as part of a multi-site survey administration and supported by funds from participating colleges and universities and made available to the authors by the Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education. This article has not been reviewed or endorsed by COACHE and does not necessarily represent the opinions of COACHE staff or members, who are not responsible for the contents.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Research conducted for this paper was partially supported by the 2017–2019 US National Science Foundation project “Connecting Nuances of Foreign Status, Professional Networks, and Higher Education” (DGE #1661206) (Co-PIs Eric Welch, Julia Melkers and Ketevan Mamiseishvili).
- Andreassi, J. K., Lawter, L., Brockerhoff, M., & Rutigliano, P. (2012). Job satisfaction determinants: A study across 48 nations. Proceedings of 2012 annual meeting of the academic of international business – US northeast chapter: Business without borders. Fairfield, CT: Sacred Heart University. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/cdeb/3db7256ba5bbbf710c3aa82ee3edc8a8cdce.pdf.
- Benson, R. T., Mathews, K. R., & Trower, C. A. (2014). The Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education: Faculty Job Satisfaction Survey, 2014 (research version) [data file and codebook]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
- Bentler, P. M., & Hu, E. J. C. (2005). EQS 6.1 for windows user’s guide. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software.Google Scholar
- Bentley, P. J., Coates, H., Dobson, I. R., Goedegebuure, L., & Meek, V. L. (2013). Academic job satisfaction from an international comparative perspective: Factors associated with satisfaction across 12 countries. In P. J. Bentley, H. Coates, I. R. Dobson, L. Goedegebuure, & V. L. Meek (Eds.), Job satisfaction around the academic world (pp. 239–262). New York, NY: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Nahwah, NJ: LEA.Google Scholar
- Cantwell, B. (2012). Internationalization of academic labor: Considering postdocs. International Higher Education, 69, 17–19.Google Scholar
- COACHE: The Collaborative of Academic Careers in Higher Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education (n.d.). Faculty Job Satisfaction Survey. Retrieved from https://coache.gse.harvard.edu/faculty-job-satisfaction-survey.
- Gappa, J. M., Austin, A. E., & Trice, A. G. (2007). Rethinking faculty work: Higher education’s strategic imperative. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. B. (1993). The motivation to work. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Hox, J. J., & Bechger, T. M. (1998). An introduction to structural equation modeling. Family Science Review, 11, 354–373.Google Scholar
- Institute of International Education (2016a). Major field of specialization of international scholars, 1999/00–2015/16, Selected Years. Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from https://www.iie.org/Research-and-Insights/Open-Doors/Data/International-Scholars
- Institute of International Education (2016b). Top 25 places of origin of international Scholars, 2013/14–2014/15. Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from https://www.iie.org/Research-and-Insights/Open-Doors/Data/International-Scholars/Leading-Places-of-Origin
- Johnsrud, L. K., & Rosser, V. J. (2002). Faculty members’ morale and their intention to leave: A multilevel explanation. The Journal of Higher Education, 73, 518–542.Google Scholar
- Kim, D., Twombly, S., & Wolf-Wendel, L. (2012). International faculty in American universities: Experiences of academic life, productivity, and career mobility. Special Issue: Refining the focus on faculty diversity in postsecondary institutions. New Directions for Institutional Research, 155, 27–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lan, F., Hale, K., & Rivers, E. (2015). Immigrants’ growing presence in the U.S. science and engineering workforce: Education and employment characteristics in 2013 . National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Retrieved from https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2015/nsf15328/nsf15328.pdf
- Manrique, C. G., & Manrique, G. G. (1999). The multicultural or immigrant faculty in American society. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
- National Center for Education Statistics (2014). Digest of education statistics. Washington, DC: Institute of Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d14/tables/dt14_315.20.asp
- Olsen, D., Maple, S. A., & Stage, F. K. (1995). Women and minority faculty job satisfaction: Professional role interests, professional satisfactions, and institutional fit. Journal of Higher Education, 66, 267–293.Google Scholar
- Poggi, A. (2008). Job satisfaction, working conditions and job expectations. Working Paper No. 73. Torino, Italy: LABORatorio Revelli, Center for Employment Studies. Retrieved from http://www.laboratoriorevelli.it/_pdf/wp73.pdf
- Schumacker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (2010). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Seagren, A. T., & Wang, H. (1994, November). Marginal men on an American campus: A case of Chinese faculty. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of higher education, Tucson, Arizona.Google Scholar
- Thomas, J. M., & Johnson, B. J. (2004). Perspectives of international faculty members: Their experiences and stories. Education and Society, 22(3), 47–64.Google Scholar
- Wells, R., Seifert, T., Park, S., Reed, E., & Umbach, P. D. (2007). Job satisfaction of international faculty in U.S. higher education. Journal of the Professoriate, 2(1), 5–32.Google Scholar